Becoming a teacher

Several career and academic paths lead to the teaching profession, and job prospects for teachers in Québec are excellent.

You can become a teacher in Québec if you are currently:

Choosing a career

Teaching is a rewarding career that will allow you to build meaningful relationships with students of all ages and spark their curiosity.

Certified teacher training

The standard method of obtaining a teaching diploma This hyperlink will open in a new window. is to take the four-year certified Bachelor of Education program leading to a teaching diploma for preschool, elementary school, secondary school and vocational training.

Teacher training involves a number of periods of field experience. During these periods, you will further develop your competencies and gain familiarity with the workplace. Field experiences are a good way to make a name for yourself in an educational institution.

You will obtain your diploma once you complete your training.

Changing direction in your studies or career

Whether you are in school or on the job market, your experience can be an important asset for a career in teaching.

Throughout your education, you have the possibility of working while you study. You can become a substitute teacher even before taking steps to qualify as a teacher. You do not need a teaching licence to substitute in a subject related to your education. However, to obtain a teaching contract while you are in school, you must obtain a provisional teaching licence This hyperlink will open in a new window..

You will be issued a teaching diploma once you have demonstrated that you meet the conditions associated with your specific situation.

If you have training in a school subject

If you have completed a university program in a subject taught in Québec’s elementary and secondary schools, you can become a teacher in Québec by completing a qualifying master’s degree.

You must first contact the university of your choice to find the qualifying master’s degree that corresponds to your career aspirations and your university training. The university will also be able to tell you about any required gap training or credits that can be recognized.

  • Special education
  • English language arts
  • English as a second language
  • Arts education (drama, visual arts, dance, music)
  • Physical education and health
  • Ethics and religious culture
  • Français, langue d’enseignement
  • Français, langue seconde
  • Español, tercera lengua
  • Mathematics
  • Science and technology (chemistry, physics, biology)
  • Social sciences (history, geography, history and citizenship education, contemporary world)

If you have completed a training program and have experience related to preschool education services

Do you have a diploma in early childhood education or preschool education? Are you working in your field? You can redirect yourself toward a teaching career in elementary school and preschool if you have training and experience related to preschool education.  

You must first contact the university of your choice. The university can provide you with full details on the teacher education programs in preschool education and elementary school education that are available. It can also inform you about the courses you are lacking or the credits you can be granted based on your studies and professional experience, if applicable.

Throughout your training, you have the possibility of blending work and study. You could become a substitute teacher even before taking steps to qualify as a teacher. You do not need a teaching licence to substitute teach a school subject related to your education. However, to obtain a teaching contract while you are pursuing your studies, you must obtain a provisional teaching licence.

You may obtain this provisional teaching licence if you meet the following conditions, among others:

  • You have earned 9 credits in an accredited preschool and elementary school teacher education program.
  • You have accumulated 3000 hours of experience as a preschool services educator or teacher.
  • You have a promise of employment from an employer confirming its intention to hire you as a preschool teacher during the current school year.

To request a provisional teaching licence to provide preschool education services, you must complete the Application for the issue of a provisional teaching licence This hyperlink will open in a new window..

If you have completed vocational training

If you have earned a Diploma of Vocational Studies and work in your field, you can become a vocational training teacher.

To do so, you must meet the following two additional conditions:

  • Have 3000 hours of practical or teaching experience directly related to the trade or occupation to be taught
  • Complete a bachelor’s degree in vocational training while continuing to work

Some university programs will recognize your vocational training and workplace experience. As a result, you may be granted some university credits.

You must first contact the university of your choice to find the bachelor’s degree that best meets your needs. The university will also be able to confirm the number of credits recognized for your vocational training and workplace experience.

Throughout your education, you have the possibility of working while you study. You can become a substitute teacher even before taking steps to qualify as a teacher. You do not need a teaching licence to substitute in a subject related to your education. However, to obtain a teaching contract while you are in school, you must obtain a provisional teaching licence This hyperlink will open in a new window..

Once you have completed your training, you will be issued a teaching diploma This hyperlink will open in a new window..

You can also become a vocational training teacher if you have:

  • a technical Diploma of College Studies (DCS)
  • a university certificate of at least 30 credits
  • a university degree related to a vocational training program

Teachers from another province

If you have completed training in teaching or another field in another Canadian province or territory, you can teach in Québec.

If you have completed teacher training

It is easy to become a teacher in Québec if you have a teaching licence issued by another Canadian province or territory. Thanks to the Canadian Free Trade Agreement, you can obtain a teaching licence in Québec.

You must first fill out an application for a teaching licence and submit all of the documents indicated on the form. If you have a teaching licence without conditions issued in another Canadian province or territory, you will be issued a teaching diploma.

If you have a teaching licence with conditions issued in another Canadian province or territory, you will be issued a probationary teaching permit subject to equivalent training conditions. You will be issued a teaching diploma once you have demonstrated that you meet these conditions.

If you have training in a school subject

Whether you are in school or on the job market, you can opt for a teaching career. If you have completed a university program in a subject taught in Québec’s elementary and secondary schools, you can become a teacher in Québec by completing a qualifying master’s degree.

You must first contact the university of your choice to find the qualifying master’s degree that corresponds to your career aspirations and your university training. The university will also be able to tell you about any required gap training or credits that can be recognized.

Throughout your education, you have the possibility of working while you study. You can become a substitute teacher even before taking steps to qualify as a teacher. You do not need a teaching licence to substitute in a subject related to your education. However, to obtain a teaching contract while you are in school, you must obtain a provisional teaching licence This hyperlink will open in a new window.

Once you have completed your master’s degree, you will be issued a teaching diploma.

  • Special education
  • English language arts
  • English as a second language
  • Arts education (drama, visual arts, dance, music)
  • Physical education and health
  • Ethics and religious culture
  • Français, langue d’enseignement
  • Français, langue seconde
  • Español, tercera lengua
  • Mathematics
  • Science and technology (chemistry, physics, biology)
  • Social sciences (history, geography, history and citizenship education, contemporary world)

If you have completed a training program and have experience related to preschool education services

You can redirect yourself toward a teaching career in elementary school and preschool if you have training and experience related to preschool education. 

To provide preschool education services, you must meet the following conditions:

  • You have a diploma in the field of early childhood education or preschool education services.
  • You have accumulated 3000 hours of experience as a preschool services educator or teacher.
  • You are enrolled in an accredited preschool and elementary school teacher education program that enables you to work and study at the same time.

Some university programs recognize your education and professional experience and may award you university course credits.

You must first contact the university of your choice. The university will then be able to confirm the number of credits that can be awarded based on your education and professional experience.

Throughout your training, you have the possibility of blending work and study. You could become a substitute teacher even before taking steps to qualify as a teacher. You do not need a teaching licence to substitute teach a school subject related to your education. However, to obtain a teaching contract while you are pursuing your studies, you must apply for a provisional teaching licence. Once you have completed your training, you will be issued a teaching diploma in preschool and elementary school education.

You could also redirect yourself toward preschool and elementary school education if you hold a diploma of college studies in early childhood education or one of the following equivalencies:

  • attestation of college studies in early childhood education of at least 1200 hours
  • attestation of college studies for Native early childhood educators
  • diploma of college studies in specialized education techniques or in social work techniques
  • university certificate with a specialty in early childhood
  • bachelor’s degree including at least 30 credits in early childhood, preschool education, special education and social adaptation (remedial education), psychoeducation or psychology

If you have a diploma related to preschool education services that is mentioned in the above non-exhaustive list, you could be issued a teaching licence to provide preschool education, after an analysis of your file. For more information, please refer to Schedule VII of the Regulation respecting teaching licences This hyperlink will open in a new window..

If you have completed vocational training

If you have a Diploma of Vocational Studies and work in your field, you can become a vocational training teacher.

You must first complete a bachelor’s degree in vocational training, which you can do while working if you apply for a provisional teaching licence This hyperlink will open in a new window..

You must first contact the university of your choice (In French) This hyperlink will open in a new window. to find the bachelor’s degree that suits you best.

Some university programs will recognize your vocational training and workplace experience. As a result, you may be granted some university credits. The university will also be able to confirm the number of credits recognized for your vocational training and workplace experience.

Once you complete your training, you will be issued a teaching diploma This hyperlink will open in a new window..

You can also become a vocational training teacher if you hold a technical Diploma of College Studies (DCS) or a university certificate of at least 30 credits.