An adopted person aged 14 or older has the right to obtain information enabling her or him to find their biological parents, unless they have refused that this information be disclosed.

The adopted person can also obtain information enabling contact with their biological brothers and sisters:

  • if they have also made a request;
  • if the information passed on doesn’t reveal the identity of a parent who has refused that this information be disclosed.

An adopted person aged 14 or older has the right to obtain information enabling them to find their biological parents.  The biological parents must have given their consent beforehand in order for an adopted person to be given access to this information.

Similarly, the biological parents of an adopted child have the right to obtain information enabling them to find their child. The child must be full age and have given his or her consent beforehand in order for the biological parents to be given access to this information.

An adopted person younger than 14 years of age has the right to obtain information enabling them to find their biological parents if the adoptive parents have consented. The biological parents must have given their consent beforehand in order for an adopted child to be given access to this information.

An adopted person younger than 18 years of age may not be informed of the application for information made by their biological parents, unless if the child put forward an application for information to know their biological parents.

Starting on June 16, 2019, the brothers and sisters of an adopted person will be able to request information that will allow them to contact the adopted person:

  • if her or him has also made a request;
  • if the information passed on doesn’t reveal the identity of a parent who has refused that this information be disclosed.

Applications for information are dealt with by integrated health and social services centres offering protection and rehabilitation services for youths in trouble of adaptation and their families. Depending on the region, these services are provided by either integrated health and social services centres (CISSS) or integrated university health and social services centres (CIUSSS).

Persons wishing to find their biological parents or an adopted child must call CISSS or CIUSSS adoption services in the region or territory where the child was born. This service is free of charge.

Procedure

Consent of the persons concerned

For a reunion to take place between an adopted person and his or her biological parent or parents, existing laws require that all persons concerned must have consented to meet. These persons may provide consent:

  • when a reunion request is made;
  • when an identification procedure is carried out. 

This is then noted in the adoption file.

Locating the person sought

To obtain the consent of the persons concerned by the request for a reunion, they must first be located. An identification and location procedure for the person sought is carried out on the basis of the identity information contained in the adoption file. This procedure is done with respect for the person’s privacy.

Once located, the person sought is informed of the request concerning him or her. The person is free to accept or refuse identifying him or herself and meeting the applicant. When all the parties concerned agree to meet, a mediator facilitates contact between them for the reunion.

Psychosocial Support

CISSS and CIUSSS adoption services offer  short-term psychosocial support in order to:

  • Help the parties involved decide if they want to go ahead with the reunion
  • Help mediate between the adopted person and his or her parents
  • Prepare the reunion
  • Prepare the concerned parties for the meeting
  • Support the concerned parties if the search is not successful or if the reunion cannot happen

To learn more

For more information on reunion between biological parents or an adopted biological child, contact the CISSS or CIUSSS offering protection and rehabilitation services for youths in trouble of adaptation in your region.