Calculating the Basic Benefit

Basic benefit

The basic benefit is the maximum amount for which you qualify. The amount varies depending on your situation. Benefits are increased (indexed) on January 1 every year.

The basic benefit was enhanced on February 1, 2018 following the announcement of the Government Action Plan to Foster Economic Inclusion and Social Participation 2017-2023.

The following changes will take effect over 2019.

January 1, 2019

  • Increase in the adjustment to the basic benefit for Social Assistance Program beneficiaries, as well as for Social Solidarity Program beneficiaries who have not received benefits under the program for 66 of the last 72 months

    The adjustment will be increased from $15 to $25 a month, regardless of the beneficiary’s family situation.

  • Increase in the adjustment to the basic benefit for Social Solidarity Program beneficiaries who received benefits under the program for at least 66 of the last 72 months:
    • from $73 to $145 a month for an independent adult
    • from $88 to $130 a month for a family of 2 adults
  • Increase in work income exclusions for individuals and families receiving Social Solidarity benefits:
    • from $100 to $200 a month for an independent adult or for a single-parent family
    • from $100 to $300 a month for a family of 2 adults
  • Introduction of an exclusion of $100 a month for cash gifts received by Social Assistance and Social Solidarity beneficiaries
  • Change to the benefit paid to beneficiaries living in a residential and long-term care centre (CHSLD) or an addiction treatment centre, which will be set at $245 a month
  • Increase in the minimum amount of the employment assistance allowance that can be granted to a Social Assistance Program or Social Solidarity Program beneficiary. The amount will be increased from $45 to $51 a week

February 1, 2019

  • Increase in the employment assistance allowance exclusion:
    • from $196 to $222 a month for an adult
    • from $327 to $353 a month for a single-parent family

Calculation of the parental contribution for the Social Assistance Program

Currently, the annual amount of the parental contribution is set at 40% of the parents’ total income after deducting the following exemptions:

  • $17,606, if the parents cohabit
  • $12,349 for each parent if they do not cohabit or if one parent is deceased or cannot be found

The result is then applied on a monthly basis.

July 1, 2019

  • Change in the way the parental contribution is calculated, by eliminating the 40% rate
  • Increase in current exemptions:
    • from $12,349 to $26,310 for parents who do not cohabit
    • from $17,606 to $32,233 for parents who cohabit

The folder New Benefit Amounts (PDF 130 Kb) contains information on the amount of benefits for which you qualify depending on your situation.

Individual development account

Under certain conditions, and with the agreement of the Ministère du Travail, de l'Emploi et de la Solidarité sociale, you may open an account at a financial institution and accumulate up to $5,000 for the purpose of carrying out a specific project (training, purchasing a car, etc.) without any reduction in your benefit amount. 

Information or complaints

For information about your social assistance file or our programs and services, call 18777678773 (toll free).

To file a complaint of make a comment, please contact the Direction des plaintes et des relations avec la clientèle at Services Québec.

See the folder New Benefit Amounts (PDF, 165 KB) This hyperlink will open in a new window. to find out the amount of benefits for which you qualify depending on your situation.

See the Payment Calendar (PDF, 533 KB) (French only) This hyperlink will open in a new window. to find out when the next payments will be made.

Complete the Direct Deposit Registration Form (PDF, 133 KB) This hyperlink will open in a new window. available online or at your local employment centre (CLE) This hyperlink will open in a new window.. The amounts to which you are entitled will be deposited directly in your bank account.