Laws and Regulations
An Act respecting the ministère de la Sécurité publique
The act rules the internal organization of the Ministry that is under the direction of the Minister. The Deputy Minister, who is under the Minister's direction, shall administer the department and its staff. The act gives duties and powers to the Minister in policies relating to the maintenance of public safety, to crime prevention, to the implementation and improvement of methods of crime detection and repression and to the imprisonment and social rehabilitation of inmates. The act also provides rules of form and content for all departmental documents.
Laws and Regulations by Field of Activity
Laws and Regulations about Police, Crime Prevention and Private Security
- Anti-Corruption Act
- Act respecting Explosives
- Act respecting Tear Bombs
The purpose of the law is to control the sale and possession of tear bombs. The issue of permits delivery is also provided for in this Act.
- Act respecting the Syndical Plan of the Sûreté du Québec
- Act to protect persons with regard to activities involving firearms and amending the Act respecting safety in sports
- Bill n°64 : Firearms Registration Act
- The Police Act
- Private Security Act
The purpose of this bill is to provide a framework for private security activities in the sectors of guarding, investigation, locksmith work, electronic security systems, valuables transport and security consulting.
- Proceeds of Crime (Money Laundering) and Terrorism Financing Act
- Safe-Deposit Boxes Act
The law provides for the opening of a safe-deposit box and, when petition is made to the Superior Court, the Court granting of a warrant authorizing it.
Civil Protection Laws and Regulations
In force since December 20, 2001, the Civil Protection Act is the Government of Québec's response to the recommendations of the Nicolet Commission Report, "Pour affronter l'imprévisible". This report analyzed the ice storm that ravaged southwestern Québec in January 1998. It' s the key point in the reform of Québec's civil protection system.
Laws and Regulations about Fire Safety
The decision of an employer to allow an employee to act as an on-call fire-fighter
- Section 154 regarding the decision of an employer to allow an employee to act as an on-call fire-fighter.
Fire Safety Cover Plan
- Section 30.1 regarding the exceptional possibility that a Minister may authorize the amendment of a fire safety cover plan (in French) that is in effect in order to extend one or more deadlines. This new section is in force since December 14, 2006.
- Article 24 has been replaced. The new article was adopted on 17 June 2009 and into force the same day.
- Regulation respecting the conditions governing the exercise of functions within a municipal fire safety service
An Act respecting the Québec Correctional System
The purpose of this Act is to establish the general principles that are to guide the actions of correctional services of the Ministère de la Sécurité publique, the Commission québécoise des libérations conditionnelles and their community-based partners as well as all other stakeholders of the correctional system as they exercise their respective functions. Underlying these general principles is the objective of protecting society, ensuring compliance with the decisions of the courts and reintegrating offenders into the community.
In addition, the bill defines the role of correctional services officers, parole officers and correctional counsellors, granting them the status of peace officers in the exercise of their functions.
Note: This Act has replaced the Act respecting correctional services and the Act to promote the parole of inmates, since 5 February 2007.
Consult the Act respecting the Québec correctional system
Laws under the jurisdiction of self-governing bodies under the Minister's responsibility
- Laws regarding police ethics
- Laws regarding alcohol, racing and gambling
- Law concerning the determination of the causes and circumstances of death
Charter of Ville de Montréal
Clauses regarding the Service de police de la Ville de Montréal (SPVM), art. 106-122.
Consult the Charter of Ville de Montréal.
Highway Safety Code
The Minister of Sécurité publique is responsible for the application of the Traffic supervision clause, art. 650.
Bicycle Ownership Act
According to this law, it is forbidden to obliterate, deface or remove the serial number or other identification mark affixed by the manufacturer on a bicycle. It is also forbidden to purchase, sell, exchange or demolish a bicycle when its identification mark has been altered in such a way.
Any person who operates a business of used bicycles shall keep a register of all purchases, exchanges, sales and other trades of used bicycles or parts of these.
Consult the Bicycle Ownership Act .
An Act respecting Northern villages and the Kativik Regional Government
Section relating to the police, art. 369 to 377, especially article 377.
Sections 369 to 377 of this Act provide that a regional police force be established and maintained in the territory of Québec located north of the fifty-fifth parallel, excluding the lands intended for the Cree community of Great Whale River. If such a regional police force is established and maintained, Kativik Regional Government shall be a "municipality" within the meaning of the Police Act.
These articles also deal with the mode of appointment, taking the oath and with dismissal of members from the police as well as with the hiring of special constables.
Last update: January 13, 2023