Australia - 1 in 15 hospitalisations could be prevented through early health interventions
Your likelihood of having a preventable hospitalisation varies by where you live, and your individual circumstances, according to a new report from the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW). The report, Disparities in potentially preventable hospitalisations across Australia 2012–13 to 2017–18, shows that 748,000 (1 in 15 or 6.6%) hospital admissions were classified as potentially preventable in 2017–18.
Canada - A roadmap for accelerating virtual health services in Canada
The Virtual Care Task Force (VCTF), a collaboration of the Canadian Medical Association (CMA), the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (Royal College) and the College of Family Physicians of Canada (CFPC), released its recommendations for enabling and expanding the implementation of virtual care in Canada. The report, Virtual care: Recommendations for scaling up virtual medical services , outlines 19 recommendations for creating a pan-Canadian approach to the virtualization of health services.
Canada - Ontario Improving Access to the Right Care in the Right Place. New 9-1-1 Models of Care Part of Plan to Build Healthier Communities and End Hallway Health Care
Under this new care model, paramedics that have received special training will assess the patient's condition when they arrive on scene. They will be able to provide treatment, including administering medication for pain relief, shortness of breath, hallucinations, agitation, nausea, vomiting and terminal congested breathing.
Europe - Harms and benefits of evidence-based screening outlined in new WHO report
Health authorities have long been aware that various screening programmes can improve public health. However, there is less understanding of the potential harm and the costs of implementing effective screening programmes, according to a groundbreaking new guide on screening from WHO/Europe. The WHO publication “Screening programmes: a short guide to increase effectiveness, maximize benefits and minimize harm” points out that screening programmes are part of a long public health tradition, valued by citizens as an essential part of health care. But as screening programmes proliferate, the public, health professionals and policy-makers are debating if “doing more” actually means “doing better”.
International - More than 70% of health spending across OECD countries is funded from public sources
In all OECD countries, a significant share of the economy is used to improve or preserve the health of the population. On average, 8.8% of a country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) was dedicated to health in 2008. A substantial proportion of health spending is funded out of public resources - which mainly refer to funding from government revenues generated from tax income, and social insurance contribution. In 2017, they financed around 71% of health expenditure across the OECD. This share was particularly high in Norway and Luxembourg (85% of total spending), and lowest in Switzerland (financing less than a third of spending).
International - WHO outlines steps to save 7 million lives from cancer
WHO and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) are releasing two coordinated reports in response to government calls for more research into the scope and potential policies and programmes to improve cancer control. WHO highlights a wide range of proven interventions to prevent new cancer cases.
Canada - Adaptive leadership in complex times
The National Health Leadership Conference (NHLC) is the largest national gathering of health system decision-makers in Canada. It aims to explore the challenges and opportunities facing today’s health leadership in Canada, and strives to provide an environment that will cultivate movement from knowledge to action. The event will take place in Edmonton on June 15-16, 2020.
France - Tenth International Conference on Health, Wellness & Society
Can a fair distribution of healthcare be achieved on a needs-based level? How can best practices at the micro-level deliver advancements in health outcomes? These are just some of the questions that will be raised during this conference to be held in Paris on September 3-4, 2020.
Reports and Issue Portfolios
Belgium - Safe nurse staffing levels in acute hospitals
This study aims to evaluate if the current nurse staffing standards for acute hospitals in Belgium are still appropriate in light of the changing hospital practice (e.g. reductions in length of stay, ageing population). The empirical evidence presented in the current study demonstrates that there is a strong case to develop a safe staffing policy for Belgian hospitals. A cornerstone of such a policy is the improvement of patient-to-nurse ratios.
Canada - Value-Based Healthcare Toolkit
The purpose of this toolkit is to provide information and guidance to those who are interested in learning about value-based healthcare (VBHC); those who are thinking about implementing it; and those who are ready to assess and improve their current VBHC initiatives.
Canada - Improving delivery of care in rural emergency departments: a qualitative pilot study mobilizing health professionals, decision-makers and citizens in Baie-Saint-Paul and the Magdalen Islands, Québec, Canada
The findings of this study highlight that many barriers remain to improving the delivery of care in rural EDs. While current Emergency Department Management Guidelines in Québec include a small section on rural EDs, it is clear from the findings and from previous work that the use of these guidelines is limited in rural EDs. Mobilizing rural stakeholders in a dialogue about challenges and solutions may be a promising approach to foster improvements.
Canada - A mixed methods quality improvement study to implement nurse practitioner roles and improve care for residents in long-term care facilities
The implementation of NPs in LTC in Québec can improve care quality for residents. Results of this study show that the average number of medications per day per resident, the incidence of polypharmacy, falls, restraint use, and transfers to acute care all decreased during the study, suggesting that a wider implementation of NP roles in LTC is a useful strategy to improve resident care.
Europe - How to enhance the integration of primary care and public health? Approaches, facilitating factors and policy options
This policy brief explores how primary care and public health can be brought together to improve the health of patients and populations. It describes the types of initiatives that have been undertaken; provides examples of such initiatives in Europe and beyond; and summarizes the factors that can help to enhance or hinder the integration of primary care and public health. The policy brief argues that there is a large overlap of activities between public health and primary care.
UK - How can policy and practice support an innovating healthcare system?
The study examined four interrelated research questions: 1. How do organisations working in and closely with the NHS perceive and understand innovation, and how does this influence their actions? 2. Who drives and contributes to innovation and how might successful innovation have greater scale, scope and impact? 3. What practical changes to policy, culture and behaviour can support system-wide improvements in the healthcare innovation landscape? 4. How can we measure the contributions of innovation to the social and economic performance of the healthcare sector?
UK - Ownership in social care: why it matters and what can be done
This short paper focuses on the issue of ownership in social care. Drawing on analyses by the Centre for Health in the Public Interest (CHPI) and the Centre for Research on Socio-Cultural Change (CRESC) at the University of Manchester, among others, the authors of the paper outline patterns of ownership in social care and set out why ownership matters. Rather than reinforcing a top-down model of private ownership, they argue that any new money for social care should be used to support new forms of democratic ownership that shift power to care workers and, above all, to people needing support, their families and communities.
UK - International Recruitment Toolkit. An Interactive Guide to Encourage and Enable Good Practice in the NHS
The toolkit is designed to support collaborative, effective and ethical international recruitment that provides value for money. The shift towards a collaborative approach to international recruitment will need a different way of working, and changes in mindset and behaviour from all organisations involved.
International - Sickness and disability systems: comparing outcomes and policies in Norway with those in Sweden, the Netherlands and Switzerland
In Norway, sick-leave compensation and disability benefit is comprehensive and an important component of employee rights and benefits. However, despite policy attention, use of these systems is excessive; sickness absence and disability benefit recipiency levels remain extraordinarily high compared with other countries. This paper compares Norway’s reform experience and policy settings with those of three countries that also have comprehensive support and that have faced similar problems: Sweden, the Netherlands and Switzerland.
Last update: February 25, 2020