Adapt to climate change

Society must simultaneously adapt to existing and impending climate change impacts since Québec cannot avoid them. Intervention must hinge on science, which helps us to better understand the transformations that are occurring and to elaborate concrete solutions to the challenges that lie ahead.

In Québec, it is essential to protect the public and infrastructure from floods, which particularly affect many regions in southern Québec. Northern Québec is more concerned by the thawing of permafrost. Buildings and roads there must thus be built, maintained, or adapted according to the threats that the degradation of the permafrost pose.

The protection of the coasts and the Estuary and the Gulf of St. Lawrence is indispensable to avoid erosion-related damage that affects people and infrastructure. The creation of cool areas to counteract heatwaves This hyperlink will open in a new window. and the development of green infrastructure to ensure better management of rainwater are also essential.

The adaptation of ways of life and ways of doing business to this new reality will protect society and maintain the quality of life.

Examples of adaptation projects

Several projects are contributing to making Québec more resilient to ongoing climate change. Below are examples of government-funded initiatives.

Remove asphalt to green living environments

The Sous les pavés project This hyperlink will open in a new window. of the Centre d’écologie urbaine de Montréal seeks to transform asphalted living environments into green, sustainable spaces with the participation of local stakeholders. Since its launching, the project has facilitated the removal of nearly 2 500 m2 of asphalt through the mobilization of more than 1 300 volunteers. More than 300 trees have been planted and nearly 3 500 plants have been sown. The plants are mitigating the impact of heat and improving rainwater management by facilitating the flow of more than 2 120 m3 of rainwater and diverting annually up to 540 kg of pollutants from watercourses.

Redevelop the main street in Saint-Charles-Borromée

To promote the well-being of residents, Saint-Charles-Borromée will redevelop Rue de la Visitation This hyperlink will open in a new window., its main street. Green spaces will be built to counteract the impact on the public of heat islands and facilitate rainwater management. Infrastructure will also be reviewed to facilitate the residents’ active mobility.

Farms adapted for the future

The Agriclimat project This hyperlink will open in a new window. seeks to analyze climate change impacts on agro-outputs throughout Québec. It will also facilitate the implementation of adaptation measures to enable agricultural producers to pursue their essential work despite climate challenges.

Bolster adaptation to permafrost thaw

Permafrost is soil that remains frozen for at least two consecutive years. In Québec, permafrost is found in Nunavik This hyperlink will open in a new window. north of the 55th parallel. Climate change is affecting the permafrost by melting the ice that it contains, which can damage houses, roads and infrastructure built on the permafrost. The Chaire de recherche en partenariat sur le pergélisol au Nunavik at Université Laval is developing knowledge to facilitate the construction of facilities that are resilient and sustainable against a backdrop of climate change.

Last update: May 30, 2022

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