Science is at the heart of the fight against climate change. Thanks to the ongoing evolution of research as well as the acquisition and dissemination of knowledge, our insight into reducing our greenhouse gas emissions and coping with the impacts of climate change is constantly increasing.
Québec can rely on a solid scientific knowledge base to meet the challenges posed by climate change, thanks in particular to the work of its research chairs and those of Ouranos .
Moreover, the complexity of the issues arising from climate change requires multidisciplinary collaboration. Beyond climate studies and the natural sciences, knowledge stemming from the social and behavioural sciences is essential. All this knowledge helps guide Québec’s transition to a society that is more resilient to the impacts of climate change and lower in carbon.
Examples of research projects that support the climate transition
Several government-funded research, development and knowledge dissemination projects to fight climate change have been completed or are underway in Québec. Here are some of them:
Forum d’orientation de la recherche sur les impacts économiques des changements climatiques (research guidance forum on the economic impacts of climate change)
The purpose of this forum was to mobilize Québec expertise in climate change adaptation in order to better determine its economic impacts. Several sectors of activity were examined: agriculture, fisheries, aquaculture, forestry, wood products, tourism, health, energy, insurance, infrastructure, transportation and manufacturing. The review of the forum (French) summarizes their work.
Québec’s GHG emission reduction trajectories – 2030 and 2050 horizons
This report outlines the changes required to achieve Québec’s targets and objectives. It also addresses the costs and benefits that will result for Québec society. The report focuses on four areas to describe the economic and regulatory measures that would be needed for these changes to take place:
The electrification of numerous energy uses;
Increased electricity and bioenergy production;
Measures relating to agriculture, waste and industry.
Overview of the value and distribution of the terrestrial carbon stock in Québec
This overview (French, PDF, 3.6 MB) quantifies the carbon stocks contained in the terrestrial ecosystems of Québec’s boreal biome. The objective was to assess the natural capacity of ecosystems to mitigate carbon emissions in the atmosphere. It also aims to estimate the increase in their vulnerability in the context of recent climate change as well as in the context of land use changes.
Assessment of the impacts of climate change and its costs for Québec and the Québec government
This report (French, PDF, 4.6 MB) identifies and quantifies the impacts of climate change on health and infrastructure. It assesses the costs for both the government and society as a whole.