Over 6,300 Algonquins live in nine communities in the Outaouais and Abitibi-Témiscamingue regions, while approximately 5,000 reside elsewhere in Québec. English is commonly used in six communities and French in the other three. However, the Algonquin language is still very much alive and spoken by many people.
Up until the beginning of the 20th century, the majority of Algonquins maintained their ancestral religious practices and a nomadic way of life revolving around hunting, fishing, trapping and gathering. They then increasingly settled, particularly once the Abitibi region began to be colonized. Current economic activities revolve around logging, tourism, traditional craft activities and government services, which the Algonquins generally administer themselves.
A band council, chosen by members, heads each community. Since 1992, two organizations have defended the shared interests of Algonquins: the Algonquin Anishinabeg Nation Tribal Council and the Algonquin Nation Secretariat.