Respiratory infections such as flus and colds are easily transmitted from one person to another. One way they’re transmitted is through droplets sprayed in the air when an infected person coughs or sneezes.
If you show symptoms of flu or a cold, limit your contacts with other people to avoid contaminating them. If that is impossible, you can take certain precautions nonetheless.
Cover your mouth and nose
When you cough or sneeze, cover your mouth and nose with tissue paper. Throw the tissue paper away and wash your hands thoroughly.
If you do not have tissue paper, cough or sneeze into the bend of your elbow or in your upper sleeve. This reduces the risk of contamination because these body parts do not come into contact with people or objects.
However, this method is not suitable if you need to hold a baby or young child in your arms. In this case, make sure you always have clean tissue papers handy.
Use a face mask
It is recommended that you wear a face mask if you meet the following 3 conditions:
- You have a fever
- You are coughing or sneezing
- You are in a health care setting such as at an emergency department or in the waiting room of a medical clinic. Face masks are usually available in these places
Last update: December 28, 2018