COVID-19 is spread by close contact between people, including sexual contact like kissing, caresses, hugs, sexual relations, etc. This means that sexual partners must follow the health recommendations for everyone.
A person can spread COVID-19 even if they do not have any symptoms.
The virus is spread from person to person by contact with respiratory droplets projected into the air when a person who is infected talks, coughs or sneezes. It can also be spread by touching contaminated surfaces with your hands and then touching your mouth, nose or eyes.
The virus has been detected in some body fluids such as blood, semen and stool. However, the possibility of transmission through these body fluids remains uncertain at this time.
Sexual partners who live in the same household
If sexual partners live together and neither of them has to follow self-isolating instructions, there are no restrictions on their having sexual relations. With other people and sexual partners, they must follow the health recommendations for everyone.
If one partner has symptoms or is identified as a contact of an infected person, they must avoid having sexual relations and follow self-isolating instructions.
Sexual partners who do not live in the same household
People who do not live together must avoid close physical contact (less than two meters), including sexual contact. This applies to all sexual partners who do not live together, irrespective of whether they are new, occasional or regular partners.
If one partner is infected and does not know it, they may infect their partner(s) with COVID‑19. If one partner has contact with other people for example other sexual partners, people they live or work with or run into in the supermarket, etc., they are at increased risk of catching and spreading COVID‑19.
Having anonymous partners or partners whose personal information is unknown can prevent public health authorities from ensuring proper follow-up in the event of infection with COVID‑19.
Sexual contact and self-isolating instructions
People who have to follow self-isolating instructions must abstain from sexual contact, including kissing, caresses, hugs and sexual relations.
The COVID-19 pandemic and sexually transmitted and blood-borne infections
During the pandemic, protecting yourself and other people to avoid getting or passing on an STBBI is especially important. Condoms or a sheets of latex are still the best way to protect yourself against STBBIs.
While restrictions on gatherings are easing up, people are still required to follow the health recommendations for everyone . There are other ways to stay closely connected with partners besides sexual relations while also limiting the risk of spreading COVID-19, such as telephone calls or virtual dates. Virtual dates do, however, carry a risk with respect to privacy. Be careful .
Last update: July 2, 2020