Some people are more vulnerable to COVID‑19. They have a higher risk of developing complications or dying from COVID‑19 than other people. They must take special measures to make sure they are well protected.

People who are hospitalized or who live in residential and long-term care centres (CHSLD), intermediate resources (RI), family-type resources (RTF) or private seniors’ residences (RPA)

Non-essential visits to hospitals, residential and long-term care centres (CHSLD), intermediate resources (RI), targeted family-type resources (RTF) and private senior’s residence (RPA) are prohibited.

Although visits have been suspended, an informal caregiver can provide support to someone who lives in a CHSLD provided they comply with certain conditions. To be provided with support by an informal caregiver, CHSLD residents must have received support from the person before visiting restrictions were put in place due to COVID‑19. From May 11, 2020, provided they comply with certain conditions, informal caregivers who provided significant care on a regular basis before the pandemic can offer help and support to a person in a RI‑RTF, or a RPA.

A lockdown is in place for anyone who lives in a residential and long-term care centre (CHSLD), regardless of the person’s age. In intermediate resources and family-type resources (RI‑RTF), this order applies to anyone who has a health condition that makes them vulnerable to COVID‑19.

The restriction is lifted temporarily for people who, for example, have to go out for health care or an essential health-related service or for humanitarian reasons.

Outings are allowed but must be supervised.

In addition, when people return to where they live, all infection prevention and control measures must be rigorously applied.

These extraordinary measures are intended to contain the spread of COVID‑19.

Residents of private seniors’ residences can again go out for a walk unsupervised and meet a loved one outside by always maintaining a distance of 2 meters. Furthermore, all residents of private seniors’ residences, including adults who are 70 years of age or older are now able to visit essential commercial enterprises (grocery stores, pharmacies, etc.).

In the event of a fire in a seniors' residence, intermediate resource, or family-type resource, additional measures must be put in place during the evacuation and at the gathering point (PDF 64 Kb) to prevent the spread of COVID‑19.

People who have chronic diseases or a weakened immune system

People who have one or more chronic diseases or a weakened immune system are at increased risk of complications (hospitalization, admission to intensive care and death) from infection with COVID‑19.

Here is a list of chronic diseases and health conditions that may increase the risk of developing serious complications from COVID‑19:

  • chronic diseases:
    • heart or lung disease,
    • diabetes,
    • liver (including cirrhosis) or kidney disease,
    • hypertension,
  • obesity;
  • medical condition with decreased clearance of respiratory secretions or a risk of aspiration;
  • person receiving chemotherapy / radiation therapy;
  • transplant recipient (including a bone marrow transplant);
  • person who is taking corticosteroids;
  • person who is taking immunosuppressants;
  • person who is immunocompromised;
  • person living with HIV;
  • person who has anemia.

People with several of these factors have a higher risk of developing a severe form of the disease. Furthermore, people who require regular medical follow-up or hospital care for their condition are considered the most vulnerable.

Recommendations for people who have chronic diseases or a weakened immune system

People who have a chronic disease or a weakened immune system and their loved ones must follow the basic health directives at all times. Irrespective of age, additional protective measures may be required for workers who have chronic diseases or a weakened immune system. For example, encouraging people to work from home or, if telework is impossible, rigorously applying specific preventive measures in some workplaces.

Seniors who are 70 years of age or older

Adults who are 70 years of age or older are most at risk of dying from complications of COVID‑19. To protect their health, they are asked to stay home, except for the following activities:

  • to go to a medical appointment, Indeed, protecting their health also means going to their usual medical follow-up appointments and consulting when necessary. Several clinics also offer telephone consultations.
  • to go out for a walk;
  • to go and buy food and medication.

In all these situations, people must follow thebasic health directives.

During this time, families and friends are encouraged to phone seniors to catch up with them and ask them to protect themselves.

Essential workers

Some essential workers who are 70 years of age or older are not required to follow the stay-at-home order. In this case, the risk for the worker and the impact on essential services for the public must be assessed. Whether or not the worker can be protected must also be assessed.