The threat of reintroduction of raccoon rabies in Québec has been declining since 2015. However, some regions remain at risk. This is the case for Montérégie and Estrie, which share a border with American states where cases are detected every year.
Citizens living in these areas can contribute significantly to the fight against raccoon rabies. Reports of wildlife infected with rabies are the best way to detect their presence in an area.
You can report the presence of raccoons, skunks and foxes that are already dead or that appear disoriented, injured, abnormally aggressive or paralyzed by calling 1-877-346-6763 (Monday to Friday, from 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.) or by filling out the online form at Québec.ca/raccoonrabies .
Safe behaviours to avoid being infected with rabies
Rabies is one of the most serious diseases that can be transmitted to humans. It is fatal as soon as a person shows general symptoms. To avoid becoming infected with rabies, apply the following preventative measures at all times:
Avoid any contact with wildlife. This includes carcasses that may still contain the virus;
If you have been bitten, scratched or in contact with the saliva of a wild animal, always wash the wound thoroughly with water and soap for 10 to 15 minutes. Next, contact Info-Santé 811;
Vaccinate your pets, especially those going outdoors. The rabies vaccine is highly effective if the animal receives its booster doses on the dates prescribed by the veterinarian;
Consult a veterinarian if your animal has been in contact with an animal suspected to have rabies;
Be aware of deterrents to keep nuisance wildlife away from your home.
Aside from raccoon rabies, other rabies variants are found in bats, and in foxes in northern Québec. Therefore, caution must be exercised at all times and with all mammal species. For more information, go to the Rabies in animals page.