Average air fare:

A study of average air fares was conducted in September 2019. It is based on the cheapest flights departing from Québec City and Montreal to the regional gateway of each region over a period of twelve months.

Municipal entities:

The designation of municipal entities includes municipalities, cities, towns, villages, parishes, townships, united townships, northern villages, unorganized territories, regional county municipalities (RCMs), metropolitan communities, intermunicipal boards, municipal corporations or bodies where a municipal corporation appoints the majority of the members or contributes to more than half of the financing, including groupings of such municipalities, corporations or bodies.