- Artificial lure:
a spoon, minnow lure, artificial fly or any other device made up of feathers, fibres, rubber, wood, metal, plastic or other similar materials and equipped with one or more fish hooks.
- Bait trap:
a small hoop‑net, without wing or leader, made of plastic or wire mesh, fastened to hoops or frames, measuring no more than 60 cm in length and 25 cm in diameter, equipped with funnel‑shaped openings, the smallest diameter of which does not exceed 2.5 cm.
- Freshwater fish:
this fish category includes anadromous species, living at sea and spawning in freshwater, as well as catadromous species, living in freshwater and spawning at sea.
- Landing net:
a pocket‑shaped net whose biggest dimension does not exceed 90 cm mounted on a frame.
- Lift net (square net):
a net made of netting or plastic or wire mesh whose stretched does not exceed 2.5 cm, mounted usually on a squareshaped frame whose biggest dimension is not more than 1.3 m in its fully extended length and is suspended with a rope.
- Metal core fishing line:
fly fishing line which, when it is firmly folded and released, remains folded.
- Unweighted line:
a fly fishing line to which no external weight is attached.
a person domiciled in Québec who has lived there at least 183 days during the year preceding fishing activity or an application for a licence.
refers to the de facto spouse who has lived in a marriage relationship for at least one year, and the spouse.
a device that closes a metal loop around the tail of a fish and is used in landing it.
- Night line:
line to which hooks spaced apart from one another are attached. This definition does not include a line used for angling.
To identify a fish species, please refer to the Québec's freshwater fish poster (in French).
- Allis shad:
includes American shad and gizzard shad, unless indicated otherwise in the text.
includes small-mouthed bass and largemouth bass.
includes brown bullhead, yellow bullhead and stonecat.
includes brook trout and Arctic char, unless otherwise indicated in the text.
- Lake trout:
includes lake trout and splake.
- Landlocked salmon:
freshwater Atlantic salmon.
includes muskellunge and tiger muskellunge.
includes longear sunfish, bluegill, rock bass and pumpkinseed sunfish.
includes redfin pickerel, chain pikerel, grass pikerel and northern pike.
- Redhorse (new name for suckers):
includes river redhorse, silver redhorse, copper redhorse, the greater redhorse and the shorthead redhorse, unless otherwise indicated in the text.
anadromous Atlantic salmon, unless otherwise indicated in the text:
- big salmon: salmon 63 cm or more in length;
- small salmon: salmon of at least 30 cm in length, but less than 63 cm.
includes lake sturgeon and Atlantic sturgeon.
includes the northern sucker and the white sucker.
includes rainbow trout, brown trout and cutthroat trout.
includes yellow walleye and sauger, unless otherwise indicated in the text.
includes lake herring, lake whitefish and round whitefish, unless otherwise indicated in the text.
- Sea trout:
refers to anadromous brook trout.
Last update: February 24, 2021
The information published on this website has been simplified and provides a summary of the main regulatory provisions. It does not replace the official texts of the laws and regulations. For more detailed information on a specific rule, please refer to the Québec Fishery Regulations or the Regulation respecting fishing licences .