When you fish in Québec, you must comply with four different types of limits or quotas, depending on the species of interest and the location of your fishing site.
Daily catch limit
The daily catch limit is the maximum number of fish of the same species caught and kept in a given day by you and by all the other people fishing under your licence. It also includes fish caught and consumed on that day. Fish that are released are not included in the catch limit, except in the case of salmon, which are also subject to a catch-and-release limit.
You must stop fishing once you have reached the daily catch limit applicable to the body of water and species concerned. However, you may continue to fish for the same species for the rest of the day, provided you move to another body of water where the catch limit is higher.
Example: In the lake where you are fishing, the daily catch limit is 15 trout. You catch eight trout in the morning and eat five for lunch. Although you now have only three trout in your possession, you cannot catch and keep more than seven additional trout on that day. However, you may continue to fish for another species for which you have not yet reached the daily catch limit.
Daily catch limits are not cumulative.
What are the applicable quotas in my zone?
Catch weight limit — Char
The catch limit for char in zones 17 and 22 to 24, located in the Nord-du-Québec region, is expressed by weight.
For fish that are not whole, the weight limit is calculated as shown below. The product must not exceed the authorized weight limit.
- Gutted fish weight × 1.25
- Gutted and headed fish weight × 1.66
- Filleted fish weight × 3.5
The possession limit is the number of fish of the same species that you may have in your possession at any time and at any place, whether it be at the fishing site, on the road or at your home. The possession limit is usually the same as the daily catch limit.
You may have, in your possession, a number of fish caught while sport fishing that exceeds the quantity stipulated for the zone, provided the surplus fish:
- come from other zones;
- were caught in compliance with the catch limits for those zones.
In no case may you exceed the highest catch limit established in Québec for a given species.
Example: The daily catch limit for a given species in a particular zone is 15 fish. The possession limit for that species, at that site, is therefore also 15 fish. If you fish in more than one zone, the authorized possession limit for the species in question is equivalent to the highest zone limit.
Possession of fish without a licence
A licence is not required to have fish in your possession. You may therefore share your fish with someone who does not have a fishing licence. However, you must still comply with the daily catch limit, and the person to whom you give the fish must also comply with the authorized possession limit.
Limits applicable to Atlantic salmon only
On top of the size notion applicable to Atlantic salmon catch limits, this species is regulated with other particular limits.
This quota, when it exists, applies only to Atlantic salmon, and corresponds to the number of salmon that you may catch and release in any given day, on the body of water concerned.
Annual possession limit
You cannot keep more than four salmon during a given season (full details are available in the section on Salmon fishing).
In addition to catch and possession limits, length limits may also apply to certain species and certain places.
To check whether the species of interest to you is subject to a length limit in your fishing zone, see the section entitled Particular rules for each zone.
How to measure fish
The length of a fish is measured in "total" length, from the tip of the mouth to the tip of the tail. However, in the case of Atlantic salmon, the length is measured in "fork length", from the tip of the mouth to the fork of the tail.
Last update: November 13, 2019
The information published on this website has been simplified and provides a summary of the main regulatory provisions. It does not replace the official texts of the laws and regulations. For more detailed information on a specific rule, please refer to the Québec Fishery Regulations or the Regulation respecting fishing licences on LégisQuébec.