Vehicles, aircraft and boats

Specific rules apply to vehicles used during hunting.

You cannot:

  • Hunt down, injure or deliberately kill an animal using a vehicle, an aircraft or a motorboat.
  • Use an aircraft to locate or drive animals for hunting.
  • Hunt migratory birds using an aircraft, sailboat or motorboat, car or vehicle pulled by an animal. You may hunt migratory birds from a motorboat only when the motor is stopped and the boat has ceased to move. However, you may use a motorboat to look for a dead or injured migratory bird.
  • Be in or on any motorized land vehicle whatsoever, or an aircraft or a trailer pulled by a vehicle and:
    • Be in possession, at any time, of an armed crossbow or a firearm containing an unfired cartridge placed in the chamber, the loader or the magazine when the latter is attached to the firearm or, in the case of a muzzle-loading firearm, containing powder and a bullet in the chamber, and a detonator in the shaft, or powder in the pan.
    • Shoot with a firearm, a crossbow or a bow from such a vehicle, aircraft or trailer.
    • Be in possession, at night, of an unloaded firearm, a bow or an unloaded crossbow, except if it is stored in a closed case or placed in the trunk of the vehicle or the hold of the aircraft.

You must also comply with the provisions of the Federal Firearms Act This hyperlink will open in a new window..

For your safety, refer to the recommendations for safely transporting a crossbow when travelling.

Regulatory Information

Last update: April 14, 2022


The information published on this website has been simplified and provides a summary of the main regulatory provisions. It does not replace in any way the official texts of laws and regulations. For more detailed information on a specific rule, refer to the Regulation respecting hunting in Québec This hyperlink will open in a new window., the Regulation respecting hunting activities This hyperlink will open in a new window. or the Act respecting the conservation and development of wildlife This hyperlink will open in a new window., which are all available on LégisQuébec.


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