The 2030 Plan for a Green Economy (PDF 13.99 Mb) (in French) is the electrification and climate change policy framework that engages Québec in an ambitious project to lay the groundwork for a green economy by 2030 that is both resilient to climate change and more prosperous.
The Plan will help achieve the 2030 greenhouse gas emissions reduction target Québec has set for itself, namely a 37.5% reduction compared with 1990 levels, and to reach carbon neutrality by 2050. It will also strengthen Québec’s capacity to adapt to the consequences of climate change.
Several Québec government departments and public agencies will participate in their implementation.
Building on Québec’s clean energy
Québec’s electricity production sector has one of the lowest carbon footprints in the world. The electricity it produces is derived from sources that are more than 99.8% renewable, mainly hydropower.
The government is making the electrification of transportation, buildings and industrial activities the Plan’s focal point so that currently consumed fossil fuels will gradually be replaced by this Québec-produced green energy. As a result, Québec will reduce its greenhouse gas emissions and investments in our local economy will grow.
Québec will export its electricity to its neighbours and become the “battery” of northeastern America. By becoming a clean energy supplier, Québec will contribute to the effort to reduce greenhouse gas emissions beyond its borders.
In addition to electricity, new sources of renewable energy, including bioenergy, green hydrogen and renewable natural gas will diversify Québec’s energy portfolio. Through the development of these green energies, the government will consolidate the international expertise Québec already has with its clean electricity.
An initial implementation plan
The implementation plan (PDF 3.32 Mb) (in French), covering the period 2021-2026, is structured around five main axes.
Mitigate climate change
The government is giving priority to electrification by electrifying everything for which electrification is feasible, taking into account technical and economic realities (transportation, buildings, industries).
Other forms of renewable energy and transition energies will play a complementary role in reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
The government will also support energy efficiency and changing the way things are done;
Build the economy of tomorrow
The economy of tomorrow will be driven by the emergence of new businesses and strategic sectors, particularly with respect to electric vehicles and batteries, as well as by innovation, thereby paving the way for new technologies and know-how.
In recent months, the COVID-19 pandemic and economic impacts of the health crisis have raised new challenges for Québec. The implementation plan takes these challenges into account. Many of the actions that will be launched will therefore directly contribute to the economic recovery and help bring back jobs;
Adapt to climate change
Climate change is already having an impact on infrastructure and ecosystems, and is affecting the economic activities, well-being and safety of many citizens and communities.
The implementation plan will focus on prevention and take future climate into account. Land use planning will also play an important role in strengthening the resilience of communities.
Create a predictable environment that is conducive to the climate transition
Citizens, Indigenous communities, municipalities and businesses must also be able to contribute to electrification and the fight against climate change. Various communication and mobilization approaches will be used to better inform them of climate change issues and raise awareness about the solutions that are available to them. A program for Indigenous communities will be established to support the implementation of climate transition projects at the community level and strengthen local capacities.
The government will also strengthen Québec’s strategic partnerships in the fight against climate change on the Canadian and international scene.
Accelerate the development of knowledge
To manage Québec’s climate transition effectively, the government must be able to rely on state-of-the-art tools and expertise in order to understand the current climate, monitor its evolution and assess the impacts of climate change on Québec society. It will therefore accelerate the development and dissemination of the knowledge needed.
Main Plan’s numerical targets
- Reduce GHG emissions by 37.5% below 1990 levels by 2030.
- Achieve carbon neutrality by 2050.
- Have 1.5 million electric vehicles on the road in Québec by 2030.
- No sales of new gasoline-powered vehicles as of 2035.
- 55% of city buses and 65% of school buses electrified by 2030.
- 100% of governmental cars, SUVs, vans and minivans and 25% of pickup trucks electrified in 2030.
- 15% ethanol in gasoline by 2030 and 10 % in biobased diesel fuel by 2030.
- 50% reduction of emissions related to heating for buildings by 2030.
- 60% reduction in emissions from government buildings by 2030.
- 10% renewable natural gas (RNG) in the network in 2030.
- 50% increase in bioenergy production by 2030.
- 70% of off-grid systems energy supply from renewable sources by 2025.
A plan that is adjusted yearly
The implementation plan will be updated annually and will systematically cover the five following years. In this way, the government is giving itself the flexibility needed to adjust its actions based in particular on the progress achieved, the economic context, and the evolution of knowledge and technology.
The Plan will build on complementary policies and action plans such as:
- the Québec Energy Transition, Innovation and Efficiency Master Plan ;
- the 2030 Energy Policy (in French)
- the Sustainable Mobility Policy (in French)
- the Québec’s strategy for developing the battery sector (in French)
- the Québec Plan for the Development of Critical and Strategic Minerals
- Québec’s International Vision
- the Government Sustainable Development Strategy.
Addressing the climate emergency
Scientists are unanimous: Current global warming is caused by human activity. Now more than ever, climate action is a social, environmental and economic priority.
Virtually all our lifestyle habits and production activities emit GHGs and will be affected by the impacts of climate change. They must be reinvented. This presents a challenge, but also opportunities for sustainable economic development.
A global consensus
In signing the Paris Climate Agreement in 2015, the 195 signatory states pledged to reduce their GHG emissions while at the same time preparing societies to become more resilient to the impacts of climate change. Québec declared itself bound by this international agreement and adopted a GHG emissions reduction target of 37.5% below 1990 levels by 2030. Considering the evolution of international climate negotiations and emerging consensus on climate change, the government intends to make a longer-term commitment to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050.