To fish in Québec’s waters, you must have a valid fishing licence (with some exceptions). You must carry the licence with you when you fish, and be able to show it immediately when asked to do so by a wildlife protection officer or assistant.
Categories of licences and prices
There are different categories of licences, depending on where you live. The fees may therefore differ, depending on whether you are a resident or non-resident of Québec.
- Annual licences are valid from April 1 to March 31 of the following year.
- One‑day, three‑day and seven‑day licences are valid for the dates entered on them at the time they are purchased.
- The following fees include all taxes and a contribution to the Fondation de la Faune du Québec.
|Annual, person under 65 years of age||$22.79||$81.54|
|Annual, person 65 years of age or over||$18.07||Not available|
|7 consecutive days||Not available||$49.14|
|3 consecutive days||$13.04||$32.68|
|1 day||Not available||$19.04|
*Valid in an outfitting establishment only
|Fishing for burbot in lac Saint-Jean *||$22.80||$73.43|
*Licence sold only in the Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean
Salmon fishing licence
To fish for Atlantic salmon, you must hold an Atlantic salmon sport fishing licence. This licence is mandatory to fish salmon anywhere in Quebec and to fish for any species of fish during a salmon fishing season in a salmon river.
Restrictions apply to the use of an Atlantic salmon fishing licence. You may combine more than one licence, but only on the conditions shown on the licences. Whatever combination you use, you cannot catch and keep more than four Atlantic salmon during a given year (from April 1 to the following March 31).
|3 consecutive days||$22.20||$43.53|
This licence is issued with four tags. All salmon caught and kept must be tagged.
You may purchase this licence even if you have already purchased an Atlantic salmon fishing licence with mandatory release or one or more three‑day licences, provided your annual catch and keep limit of four salmon has not been reached. For example, if you have already caught one salmon on a three‑day licence, you can only use three of the four tags issued with your annual licence.
This licence is issued with one tag. It is only valid during the period indicated on the licence.
You may not purchase or hold:
- more than one three‑day licence for overlapping periods;
- a three‑day licence if you have already purchased or already hold an annual licence;
- a three‑day licence if you have already caught and kept four salmon during a given year (from April 1 to the following March 31).
However, you may purchase a new three‑day licence if:
- you have placed the tag from your three‑day licence on a salmon, and your annual catch and keep limit of four salmon has not been reached;
- if the period indicated on your licence has expired but your annual catch and keep limit for salmon has not been reached.
Mandatory release licence
- This licence can be purchased at any time, even if you already have a three‑day licence or an annual licence.
- It is valid throughout Québec to fish for salmon and to fish for and keep any other authorized species in a salmon river only.
- It does not allow you to fish in a body of water for which you have already reached the daily release limit.
- To fish in a salmon river:
- If salmon fishing is open: you must possess an Atlantic salmon sport fishing licence to fish for any fish species. Under exceptional cases you may use the general sport fishing licence during a salmon fishing period on the western portion of rivière aux Rochers, downstream of the boulevard des Îles bridge in Port‑Cartier, to the mouth of the river (Petit Quai sector, part A of zone 19 south).
- Outside salmon fishing periods: you may use a general sport fishing licence to fish for other species than salmon in certain salmon rivers (see the rules for zones 1, 2, 3, 18 to 21, 23, 27 and 28 on the map of fishing zones and fishing periods ).
- You may fish for the other salmon species in Québec under the general sport fishing licence.
Purchasing and replacing a licence
To purchase a fishing licence, you must visit one of our sales outlets (please note that the online purchase is not available).
When purchasing the licence, you must:
- Present your hunter’s or trapper’s certificate or complete an identification card if you do not have one. You will then be given a client card with your licence.
- Pay the required fees.
- Sign the back of the licence, to confirm its validity. If your first name, surname, address or date of birth is not shown on the back of the licence, or if the information shown is inaccurate, you must add or correct it by hand.
Buying a licence for someone else
The sport fishing licence is not transferable. However, it is possible to buy it for someone else. In this case, this person, the owner, must sign it upon receipt from the buyer and ensure that the information on the back is accurate for this permit to be valid.
Replacing a licence
If a fishing licence is lost, stolen or damaged to the point that it is unusable, you must obtain a replacement licence if you wish to continue to fish.
To be entitled to the replacement fee, you must:
- present the hunter’s or trapper’s certificate that you used to purchase the original licence;
- or provide the client number of the lost, stolen or damaged licence. This is the number shown in the upper right-hand corner of the client card given to you when you purchased your licence.
You do not need to go back to the place at which you purchased your original licence.
Pêche en herbe and Relève de la pêche certificates
The Pêche en herbe and Relève de la pêche certificates, issued to a person under 18 years of age after an introduction to fishing activity, are not replaceable. In case of loss or theft of either these certificates, the minor who wishes to obtain a new one must participate in a new introduction to fishing activity.
For more information on the Pêche en herbe program, visit the Fondation de la faune website.
The client card not only entitles you to pay the replacement fee, it also avoids the need for you to complete an identification card every time you buy a fishing licence. You can simply use the client number shown on the card.
Conditions for use
- Your licence is not transferable.
- Your licence is not valid until it has been signed by both you and the sales agent who sold it to you.
- The information shown on the front of the licence must be accurate, otherwise it must be updated on the back of the licence.
Who can fish under my licence?
If you are 18 years of age or older, certain other people may be able to fish under your licence.
Except in certain particular situations, each person benefiting from your licence is entitled to his or her own line. For exceptions, refer to the Number of lines section.
In all cases, the total number of fish caught and kept per day must not exceed the number authorized for the licence holder.
|Anglers wishing to take advantage of the licence||Sport fishing licence (for species other than Atlantic salmon) and burbot fishing licence||Atlantic salmon sport fishing licence|
|Your spouse||Yes, if he is in your presence or in possession of your licence||No|
|Your children (and those of your spouse) who are under 18 years of age||Yes, if they are in your presence or in possession of your licence||Yes, if they are fishing under your supervision or under your spouse's, who is in possession of your licence|
|Your children (and those of your spouse) who are between 18 and 24 years of age and who have a valid student card in their possession||Yes, if they are in possession of your licence AND a valid student card||Yes, if they are in possession of your licence AND a valid student card|
|Any person under 18 years of age||Yes, if they are fishing under the supervision of the licence holder or his or her spouse||Yes, if they are fishing under the supervision of the licence holder or his or her spouse|
|Any student between 18 and 24 years of age who has a valid student card in his or her possession||Yes, if they are fishing under the supervision of the licence holder or his or her spouse||Yes, if they are fishing under the supervision of the licence holder or his or her spouse|
Is it possible to fish without a licence?
If you are a resident of Québec, you do not need a licence:
- During the Fête de la pêche . However, you must still respect the fishing periods and authorized quotas for the chosen body of water. Besides, all salmon caught without a licence during the Fête de la pêche must be released where it was caught. Fees may also apply if you fish in a wildlife territory (ZEC, provincial park or wildlife reserve), a communal wildlife area or an outfitting operation with exclusive rights.
- If you are under 18 years of age and have in your possession a Pêche en herbe or Relève à la pêche certificate issued after an introduction to fishing activity. However, you must release any salmon you catch.
- If you fish for any species other than salmon in zone 21 (St. Lawrence River) and in the river portion of zone 1 located downstream from route 132, except for the section between Sainte‑Flavie and Matapédia.
- If you fish for rainbow smelt and Atlantic tomcod in the St. Lawrence River and its tributaries downstream from the Laviolette bridge (Trois‑Rivières).
- To fish for freshwater crustaceans.
- To fish in a fish pond or in the waters of a national park of Canada.
A non-resident may also hold a Québec sport fishing licence. However, a licence is not needed to fish in the waters of a national park of Canada or in a fish pond.
Anglers from Ontario
The holder of an Ontario sport fishing licence is considered to be the holder of a Québec sport fishing licence for the purpose of fishing:
Anglers from New Brunswick
The holder of a New Brunswick sport fishing licence is considered to be the holder of a Québec sport fishing licence when line fishing in the Patapédia (zone 2) and Ristigouche (zones 1 and 2) salmon rivers. Fish caught in these waters and kept are considered to have been caught and kept in Québec. They must therefore be counted when calculating the catch and possession limits.
Requirement to use the services of an outfitting establishment
To export lake sturgeon or Atlantic sturgeon outside Canada, you must first obtain a CITES export permit by contacting Fisheries and Oceans Canada at 1 855 869‑8670.
Last update: December 13, 2019
The information published on this website has been simplified and provides a summary of the main regulatory provisions. It does not replace the official texts of the laws and regulations. For more detailed information on a specific rule, please refer to the Québec Fishery Regulations or the Regulation respecting fishing licences on LégisQuébec.