Hunting seasons and bag limits

Québec’s sport hunting rules depend on the species present in a given area. Season opening dates and bag limits may therefore vary by zone, by type of area, by season and especially by species.

Hunting season dates (by species and by weapon)

Some hunting seasons in zones 1 and 2 have changed since the rules were last published. See the “Main New Measures” section for details.

Bag limits

White-tailed deer

The white-tailed deer bag limit is now 2 deer per hunter per year, except in zone 20 (Anticosti Island), coming from two different zones.

Some rules apply:

  • The regular licence and additional licence each allow you to harvest one deer in any zone other than zone 20.
  • Your first deer must come from a zone or part of a zone other than zone 20 (Anticosti Island).
  • Once you have killed the first deer, you must then kill the second in a different zone from the zone in which you hunted (excluding zone 20). This requirement does not apply to parts of zones 5 west, 8 east and 8 south, where you may harvest both deer in the same part of the zone.

Deer hunting on Anticosti Island

There is no bag limit in zone 20 (Anticosti Island). Special provisions are in force in the island’s wildlife reserves and outfitters with exclusive rights regarding the sharing of antlerless deer hunting licences and group hunting of white-tailed deer.

Moose

In any given year, in all zones and in most ZECs where moose hunting is permitted, 1 moose may be killed for every 2 hunters.

In the other ZECs listed below, the annual bag limit is 1 moose for every 3 hunters:

  • Bas-Saint-Laurent
  • Bras-Coupé-Désert
  • Casault
  • Chapais
  • des Nymphes
  • Lesueur
  • Mitchinamecus
  • Petawaga
  • Pontiac
  • de la Rivière-Blanche
  • Saint-Patrice
Bag limit in wildlife reserves

In the wildlife reserves, for hunting subject to quotas, the limit is usually 1 moose per single group (composed of two, three or four hunters) or 2 moose per double group (composed of four, five, six, seven or eight hunters). Regardless of the formula, hunters must be members of the same hunting expedition to be considered members of the group.

One young person may be added to a single group, and one or two young people may be added to a double group, provided the following conditions are met:

A group member who kills a moose must immediately attach his or her transportation coupon to the animal and ensure that another person from the same group also attaches a transportation coupon to the animal on the same day.

These two people must cease to hunt as soon as their transportation coupons have been attached to the animal killed. The other members of the hunting expedition may continue to hunt, provided the group’s bag limit has not been reached.

Once the group’s limit has been reached, all members of the hunting expedition must cease hunting, even if they still have transportation coupons on their licences. The expedition members who have not used their coupons may use their licences for another hunt in the zone shown on the licence, in a wildlife reserve, in the territory of an outfitter with exclusive rights, or in the Baillargeon ZEC (zone 1) where moose hunting and access are limited.

Black bear

A hunter may kill 2 black bears per year: one during the spring season and one in selected zones during the fall season.

Harvesting is allocated by hunting zone, as follows:

Spring season: one black bear in all hunting zones except zones 20 and 22

Fall season: one black bear in hunting zones 1, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 15, 19, 23, 24, 26, the western portion of zone 27 and zone 29.

Wild turkey

A hunter may kill 3 wild turkeys per year, as follows:

Spring season: two bearded turkeys. However, the second must be killed in one of the following zones: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 or 10. The hunter may kill both turkeys during the same half-day of hunting.

Fall season: one wild turkey, bearded or not, in zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 10.

Small game

All grouse and grey partridge: bag limit of five per day, and a total possession limit of 15.

Ptarmigan: bag limit of 10 per day, and a total possession limit of 30.

Cottontail rabbits and hares: bag limit of five per day in zone 8, and bag limit of 2 hares per day on Île du Havre Aubert (Îles de la Madeleine, zone 21). Snaring of eastern cottontail rabbits and hares is prohibited in zone 8, on Île d'Orléans (zone 27) and in the Îles de la Madeleine (zone 21).

Other species: no bag limit or possession limit.

Migratory birds

For information on bag limits and possession limits, and on all rules governing migratory birds, please see the Canadian Government’s Migratory Birds Hunting Regulations This hyperlink will open in a new window. or call 1 800 668-6767.

Regulatory Information

Monday, Tuesday, Thursday and Friday: 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.
Wednesday: 10:00 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.

Free phone line : 1 844 523‑6738