Property limits and boundary determination
Neighboring owners must agree on the boundaries of their property, indicated on the ground by staking or demarcation carried out by a land surveyor.
Temporary access to property
You must allow neighbours to access your property in order to carry out construction, repair or maintenance work on their own property.
If a person acting in good faith erects a structure on a piece of land belonging to a neighbour, he may ask to purchase the land in question or pay compensation for temporary loss of its use.
Rules for views and windows
Under the Civil Code of Québec, you cannot have “direct views” less than 1.5 metres from the dividing line between your property and your neighbour’s property.
Right of way
If you own a property that does not have access to a public road, or that has inadequate or impassable access, you may ask a neighbour to grant you a right of way in return for compensation.
Under the CCQ, if you are the owner of lower land, you cannot build any kind of structure structure to prevent natural runoff water from higher land.
Right to use a spring or watercourse
Any owner has the right to use and develop, within the defined rules, any water (source, lake, river) which borders, crosses or is on his land.
Fences and common walls
The boundaries of a property may be marked by a single property fence, a party fence or a party wall, in accordance with established rules.
Trees and branches
Any homeowner must ensure that the roots and branches of trees growing on their property do not interfere with their neighbors or nearby facilities.
Last update: January 31, 2022