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People who cannot inherit

In your will, you can bequeath property to anyone you choose. However, bequests to certain people, in certain situations, will be null and void. People such as the following cannot inherit from you:

  • the notary who executes your will;
  • the spouse, children or parents of the notary;
  • the person who witnessed your will;
  • the owner or administrator of the hospital or residential centre at which you are staying, if you make your will while receiving care or services there, unless the person concerned is your spouse or a close relative;
  • the nurse, physician or any other paid employee who took care of you at the hospital or residential centre at which you are staying, if you prepare your will while receiving care or services there, unless the person concerned is your spouse or a close relative;
  • a member of your foster family if you wrote your will while living with them.

People who are unworthy

Bequests to certain other people may also be revoked. They include any person who:

  • is found guilty of making an attempt on your life;
  • abused you or otherwise treated you in a highly reprehensible way;
  • hindered you in writing, modifying or revoking your will;
  • has concealed, altered or destroyed your will in bad faith.

These persons may still inherit from you if you name them as heirs after you become aware of their actions or do not amend your bequest even though you could have done so.

Unreasonable demands

You cannot require your heirs, as a condition of their inheritance, to perform acts that are unreasonable, illegal or contrary to good morals or public order. 

Last update: December 5, 2022

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