Prepare an Emergency Kit and an Household Evacuation Plan
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Make a Household Emergency Plan
In the event of an emergency or a natural disaster, first responders may not arrive in your area immediately. You are therefore primarily responsible for your safety. The best way to prepare for such an eventuality is to have a household emergency plan :
Always have an emergency kit on hand that contains the essential items needed to meet the basic needs of household members for 3 days.
Draw up a list of the names and contact information of the persons you will need to reach in the event of an emergency (family members, daycare, school, municipality, etc.).
Prepare a household evacuation plan, determine where family members are to gather and conduct evacuation drills. If you live in a building with an elevator, be sure to use the stairs, even during drills.
Learn how to turn off the water, electricity and gas (if applicable).
Determine the route you will take to leave the neighborhood in the event of an evacuation. Determine an alternative route in the event that certain roads are impassable.
Make an inventory of your property, and include proofs of purchase, photos or video. Store these documents with copies of your home and automobile insurance policies in a safe place outside your home (such as your workplace, for example).
Contact your insurer to verify your home insurance coverage . The majority of home insurance policies cover damages caused by natural phenomena such as hail, lightning, wind storms or tornadoes.
Prepare an Emergency Kit to Keep at Home
At home, always have on hand an emergency kit (stored in a backpack or bin) containing the items that household members will need to make it through the first 3 days of an emergency situation. Your emergency kit should be stored in an easily accessible location. Verify its contents annually and replace the batteries and bottled water as needed, as well as non-perishable food that has expired.
Below are the 7 essential items you should have in your emergency kit :
Drinking water (6 litres per person);
Non-perishable food (for at least 3 days);
Hand can opener;
Battery-operated radio and replacement batteries;
Headlamp or flashlight and replacement batteries or a wind-up flashlight;
Lighter or matches and candles;
First aid kit containing antiseptics, analgesics, adhesive bandages, sterile gauze pads, scissors, etc.;
Prepare an Emergency Kit to Keep in Your Vehicle
Keep an emergency kit in your vehicle in the event of a breakdown, an accident or as a precaution during the winter season.
If you must turn on the vehicle's engine to keep the cabin warm, follow the rules below to prevent carbon monoxide poisoning :
Make sure that nothing is blocking the vehicle's exhaust pipe (snow, etc.);
Crack the window on the side opposite to the wind before starting the engine;
Allow the engine to run about 10 minutes every 30 minutes.
Before leaving, verify road conditions on the Québec 511 website or by calling 511.
If road conditions are difficult, leave only if it is absolutely necessary.
Prepare as a person with special needs
If you are a person with special needs, the consequences of an emergency may be greater because of, for example, your dependence on electrical power to operate certain equipment essential to your well-being. By doing simple things now, you can prepare for your specific needs.