Small game hunting
Small game hunting licence
The small game species that can be hunted are the following birds and mammals:
- American crow
- Arctic hare
- Brown-headed cowbird
- Common grackle
- Crossed fox
- Eastern cottontail
- European starling
- Grey partridge
- Guinea fowl*
- House sparrow
- Northern bobwhite*
- Red fox
- Red partridge*
- Red-winged blackbird
- Rock dove*
- Rock ptarmigan*
- Ruffed grouse
- Sharp-tailed grouse
- Silver fox
- Snowshoe hare
- Spruce grouse
- Willow ptarmigan
* These species may be kept in captivity without a licence, and released into nature for hunting purposes.
Migratory birds are considered to be small game under the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994.
Amphibians are not considered to be small game. You must obtain a frog hunting licence to hunt all these species. Only leopard frogs, green frogs and American bullfrogs may be hunted.
What to do before, during and after small game hunting
- Choose the site at which you wish to hunt and obtain the necessary permission if you will be hunting on private land that does not belong to you.
- Identify the hunting zone in which your site is located, and the applicable hunting dates.
- Purchase the small game hunting licence required for the type of hunting you wish to do (hunting, snaring only, or hunting with a bird of prey.
- If you will be hunting migratory birds, you must obtain the federal migratory bird hunting licence and the provincial small game hunting licence, and you must carry both of them with you.
- Review the rules applicable to the handling, use and transportation of your weapon.
- Read and make sure you understand the general rules and specific rules.
Comply with the rules respecting:
- The hunting licence, including:
- The times when hunting is permitted.
- The types of weapons and ammunition that may be used and how they must be handled and transported.
- Wearing a fluorescent orange bib.
- The restrictions applicable to certain hunting gear (sound amplifiers, etc.).
- Firing from a public road.
- Identifying your game animal.
- The safety and handling of your weapon, and firing safely (do not endanger other hunters).
- Bag limits.
After the kill
- Transport your weapon in accordance with the rules (empty, in a closed case, etc.).
- Take the necessary steps (evisceration, storage and transportation) to ensure that the animal’s flesh is not abandoned or wasted. Follow the recommendations for handling wild game meat (in French only).
- For migratory birds, you must transport the game with at least one wing intact to make the identification easier.
- Collect and eliminate waste properly (empty cartridges, waste from meals, etc.).
- Hunters are encouraged to follow recommendations to reduce the risk of exposure to avian influenza .
Bag limits for small game
All grouse and grey partridge: bag limit of five per day, and a total possession limit of 15.
Ptarmigan: bag limit of 10 per day, and a total possession limit of 30.
Cottontail rabbits and hares: bag limit of five per day in zone 8, and bag limit of 2 hares per day on Île du Havre Aubert (Îles de la Madeleine, zone 21). Snaring of eastern cottontail rabbits and hares is prohibited in zone 8, on Île d'Orléans (zone 27) and in the Îles de la Madeleine (zone 21).
Other species: no bag limit or possession limit.
Migratoriy birds: For information on bag limits and possession limits, and on all rules governing migratory birds, please see the Canadian Government’s Migratory Birds Hunting Regulations or call 1 800 668-6767.
Last update: November 8, 2022
The information published on this website has been simplified and provides a summary of the main regulatory provisions. It does not replace in any way the official texts of laws and regulations. For more detailed information on a specific rule, refer to theRegulation respecting hunting in Québec , the Regulation respecting hunting activities or the Act respecting the conservation and development of wildlife , which are all available on LégisQuébec.