Profile of the Nations
The Abenakis of Québec belong to the Algonquin linguistic and cultural family. They originally came from the region currently occupied by the states of Maine, New Hampshire and Vermont. In 1700, the Abenakis settled permanently in Odanak and Wôlinak on the south shore of the St. Lawrence River near Trois-Rivières.
More than 2,700 Abenakis currently live in Québec, including close to 400 in Odanak and Wôlinak in the Centre-du-Québec region. French is spoken by the majority, while only a few use English.
Numerous organizations, such as the Société historique d’Odanak, the Musée des Abénakis and the Mikwobait dance company, are dedicated to the protection and dissemination of Abenaki culture. Kiuna Institution, the first college for First Nations in Québec, is located in Odanak.
The Abenakis are represented by the Grand Conseil de la nation Waban-Aki.
Last update: July 29, 2021