The 11 Indigenous nations of Québec
The 10 First Nations and the Inuit Nation represent approximately 1% of Québec’s population.
Nearly 3,000 Abenaki currently live in Québec, including close to 400 in Odanak and Wôlinak, which are in the Centre-du-Québec region.
Nearly 6,000 Algonquin live in nine communities in the Outaouais and Abitibi-Témiscamingue regions, while more than 4,000 live elsewhere in Canada.
There are approximately 8,000 Atikamekw who are part of the vast Algonquin linguistic and cultural family.
The Cree has approximately 21,000 members, who are spread out over nine villages along the shores of James Bay and Hudson Bay, as well as inland.
Some 1,500 Huron-Wendat live in Wendake, a municipality adjacent to Quebec City, and approximately 1,700 live outside it.
The Innu Nation, with more than 16,000 members, is one of the most populous Indigenous nations in Québec.
In Québec, almost the entire Inuit nation lives north of the 55th parallel, in Nunavik.
Nearly 800 Wolastoqiyik live in Québec. The offices of the Wolastoqiyik Wahsipekuk First Nation, the only band in Québec, are located in Cacouna, near Rivière-du-Loup.
The Gaspé Peninsula has 3 Mi’kmaw communities, with a total population of over 5,000.
The Mohawk are one of the Iroquois nations that, before the arrival of the Europeans, formed the Five Nations Confederacy.
Last update: February 23, 2023