Dehydration occurs when the body eliminates too much water and mineral salts, which are essential for the body to function properly. This situation can arise when, for example, a person has a fever or has gastroenteritis.
Watch for signs of mild dehydration:
Mouth, lips and tongue are a little drier than usual
Feeling thirstier than usual
Less frequent urination
Watch for signs of moderate dehydration:
Infrequent or dark urine
Reduction in activities
Watch for signs of severe dehydration:
Absence of urine for a period of six hours in babies and for over eight hours in older children and adults
Sunken fontanels (soft spots on babies’ heads)
Cold, bluish skin that doesn’t bounce back when gently pinched
Absence of tears
Dizziness, confusion and headache
Vertigo or fainting (associated with a drop in blood pressure), especially while standing in adults
If you present signs of dehydration, it is important to hydrate yourself and replenish your mineral salts. You need to drink more liquid, such as water, or a rehydration solution. Don’t hesitate to seek advice from a pharmacist or call Info-Santé 811, option 1.
If you or your child presents signs of moderate to severe dehydration, you must go to the emergency department immediately.