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The roles of Québec and Canada in humanitarian immigration

Québec participates in the international solidarity efforts to protect people in distress and subscribes to the objectives of the international agreements that protect these people.

Immigration refugee assistance in Québec is the responsibility both of the Gouvernement du Québec and the Government of Canada. Every year, the two governments agree on the number and origin of refugees who, once selected, will be welcomed to Québec at the State's expense (government-assisted refugees).

Responsibilities of the Government of Canada

The federal government is responsible for:

  • determining if, in Canada or abroad, you may be recognized as a refugee or in a similar situation;
  • determining if, due to humanitarian considerations, your permanent residence application can be reviewed in Canada;
  • applying its criteria regarding health and its security and criminal background checks.

Responsibilities of the Gouvernement of Québec

The Gouvernement du Québec is responsible for reviewing your selection application and rendering a decision:

  • if you have been recognized by the governement of Canada as a refugee or in a similar situation abroad;
  • if your application for permanent residence for humanitarian considerations was determined to be eligible by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada for processing in Canada.

Last update: February 23, 2023


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