Bill 2, An Act respecting family law reform with regard to filiation and amending the Civil Code in relation to personality rights and civil status (Bill 2), was assented to on June 8, 2022.

This act amends the Civil Code in respect of filiation, the law of persons and civil status. In particular, it amends the rules concerning the knowledge of one’s origins in relation to adoption so as to broaden their scope. Thus, this act allows the adoptee greater access to information about the identity of the parent of origin by eliminating almost all possibilities that a refusal to disclose would hinder it. It also gives the adoptee the right to obtain, under certain conditions, a copy of their original birth certificate and the judgments relating to their adoption, as well as the names of their grandparents and brothers and sisters of origin, and, if they consent to it, the information allowing them to contact them.

It extends services to new categories of applicants, such as the original grandparents of an adopted person and the first-degree descendants of a deceased adopted person. The latter will be able to obtain the same information and documents as the adopted person.

Lastly, it enshrines a person’s right to know their origins in the Charter of Human Rights and Freedoms. These measures will come into force on June 8, 2024. Until then, the current provisions on knowledge of one’s origins continue to apply.

The adoption of Bill 2 also expands the rules concerning the disclosure of medical information in matters of adoption for genetically related relatives.

To learn more

This page is updated regularly and remains the reference for information on the subject. Further information will be provided by June 8, 2024, the date on which the Act comes into force.

For more information about the new provisions introduced by the coming into force of Bill 2, please consult the document Family law reform : Legislative changes for sociobiological research and reunions This hyperlink will open in a new window..

Last update: December 13, 2023


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