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Hunting licence categories and conditions for use

The licence category required to hunt white-tailed deer and the conditions for use when hunting deer, turkeys and black bears have changed since the last time the rules were published. See the Main New Measures section for details.

Hunting licences are issued according to the type of game to be hunted: white-tailed deer, moose, black bear, wild turkey or small game. The same species may be covered by more than one type of licence, and the conditions for use may differ.

Regular and Additionnal white-tailed deer licence (except zone 20, Anticosti Island)

Both these licences are valid for one zone (or part of a zone) only, and in wildlife reserves, outfitters with exclusive rights or the Baillargeon ZEC (zone 1).

Each licence includes a transportation coupon that authorizes you to kill and register one deer (for a possible maximum of 2 deer per year).

Things you should know when purchasing your licence

You may purchase both types of licence before or during the hunting season. There is no deadline for purchasing them.

The licences may be purchased together or separately. The regular licence must be purchased first, but they do not need to be used in any particular order.

You cannot purchase two licences for the same zone (with the exception of hunting zones 5 west, 8 east and 8 south where both licences can be used in the same part of the zone).

Before signing your licence, it is your responsibility to make sure the correct zone or subzone number has been entered. Once the purchase is completed, it is no longer possible to correct the number of the zone or subzone.  

If you have won an antlerless deer hunting licence in a random draw, this fact will automatically be entered on your licence associated with the zone, part of a zone or territory for which you won the privilege.

If you hope to harvest two deer during your season, and if you wish to hunt in a wildlife reserve or the territory of an outfitter with exclusive rights when you won an antlerless deer hunting licence in another zone, it is better to purchase your regular licence (which includes your authorization to kill an antlerless deer) and your additional licence at the same time. If you kill an antlered deer first, you can use the transportation coupon from the additional licence and maintain the privilege of killing an antlerless deer during the hunting season for antlered deer under your regular permit. 

Advice for choosing the zone (or part of a zone) to be entered on the licence

You can use these two licences in any wildlife reserve or outfitter with exclusive rights, provided you comply with the bag limits for the hunting zone in which it is located. 

The number of the zone or part of a zone to be entered on your licence does not need to be the number of the zone in which the wildlife reserve or outfitter with exclusive rights is located. This means that, if your hunt in the reserve or outfitter’s territory is unsuccessful, you can still hunt in the zone or part of the zone shown on your licence, as long as the hunting season for the animal concerned is still open. 

For example: You have a deer hunting licence for zone 6 north and hunt in the Rimouski wildlife reserve, which is located in zone 2 east. Because you are in a wildlife reserve, you can use your licence to harvest a deer, even though it is for a different zone. If you do not harvest a deer in the Rimouski wildlife reserve, your licence will still be valid to hunt in zone 6 north. However, if you harvest a deer in the wildlife reserve, you cannot obtain an additional licence for zone 2 east because you have reached the bag limit for that zone, and nor can you obtain an additional licence for zone 6 north.

If you hunt in zone 5 west, 8 east and 8 south and purchase a regular licence and additional licence for the same zone, the antlerless deer hunting licence that you won will appear on the regular licence only. 

If you hope to kill two deer during your season, it is best to purchase your regular licence (which includes your authorization to harvest an antlerless deer) and your additional licence at the same time. If you harvest an antlered deer first, you can use the transportation coupon from the additional licence, meaning that you will maintain the privilege of killing an antlerless deer under your regular licence during the hunting season for antlered deer.

Zone licence for white-tailed deer in the territory of an outfitter without exclusive rights

SIf you use the services of this type of outfitter, regardless of whether you are a resident or non-resident, the number of the zone or part of a zone entered on your deer hunting licence (except for Anticosti, zone 20) must be the number of the zone or part of a zone in which the outfitter is located. 

However, after hunting in the territory of the outfitter without exclusive rights, you can, if your hunt was unsuccessful, continue to hunt in the zone or part of the zone shown on your licence for as long as the hunting season for the animal and the weapon used is open.

Antlerless deer (random draw)

To obtain this licence, you must be a resident of Québec and register for a random draw.

The licence allows you to hunt antlerless deer only in the zone, part of a zone or territory shown. 

Attention, this licence does not allow you to harvest an additional white-tailed deer. All it does is to allow you to kill an antlerless deer in a zone or part of a zone where only the killing of antlered deer (7 cm and more) is authorized. 

Things you should know when purchasing your licence

This licence is automatically attached to your regular licence or additional licence when you ask for the zone or part of the zone for which you won the privilege to be entered. 

If you hope to kill two deer during your season and to hunt in a wildlife reserve or an outfitter with exclusive rights, and have won an antlerless deer hunting licence in another zone, it is best to purchase your regular licence (which includes your authorization to harvest an antlerless deer) and your additional licence at the same time. If you harvest an antlered deer first, you can use the transportation coupon from the additional licence, meaning that you will maintain the privilege of killing an antlerless deer under your regular licence during the hunting season for antlered deer. 
 

Things you should know when hunting

When you kill an antlerless deer under a random draw licence, you must punch the licence in the circle provided.

The random draw antlerless deer hunting licence can be shared with your entire immediate family (grandparents, parents, brothers, sisters, spouse, children and grandchildren, and your spouse’s children and grandchildren). For information on how to use it, please see the section entitled Hunting under someone else’s licence.

Special rules may also allow for the licence to be shared in a wildlife reserve, outfitter with exclusive rights and certain ZECs.

White-tailed deer, zone 20 and Antlerless white-tailed deer, zone 20 (Anticosti Island)

These licences are valid only in Zone 20 and are sold only on Anticosti Island. There is no purchase limit for these licences. 

Moose

This licence is valid for a single zone or part of a zone. The number of the zone or part of a zone must be entered on the licence at the time of purchase.

When buying the licence and before signing it, make sure the zone number is correct. In most zones, there are restrictions on the use of the licence based on the purchase date and a zone correction is not always possible.

Advice

To hunt in any wildlife reserve, outfitter with exclusive rights and the Baillargeon ZEC (zone 1, limited hunting and access), you may enter the zone number of your choice on your licence, because it does not need to be the number of the zone in which the wildlife reserve, outfitter with exclusive rights or Baillargeon ZEC is located. This means that, if your hunt in that territory is unsuccessful, you can still hunt in the zone or part of the zone you chose to enter on your licence, as long as the hunting season for the animal and your weapon is still open. 

To hunt in the territory of an outfitter without exclusive rights, the zone number entered on your licence must be the number of the zone in which the outfitter without exclusive rights is entitled to offer its services. However, if your hunt in the territory of the outfitter without exclusive rights is unsuccessful, and you purchase your licence after the deadline, you cannot continue to hunt in the zone shown on your licence. You may continue to hunt only if you take part in a limited hunt in a wildlife reserve, in the territory of a different outfitter with exclusive rights, or in the Baillargeon ZEC.

Deadline for purchasing a licence to hunt moose

In most zones, if you wish to hunt moose during a period allowing the use of a firearm, a bow and a crossbow, you must purchase your licence before midnight on the date shown in the table below, no matter if you wish to hunt moose with a firearm, a bow or a crossbow. 

This restriction does not apply to the purchase of licences to hunt in the territory of an outfitter without exclusive rights, or to take part in a limited hunt in a wildlife reserve, in the territory of an outfitter with exclusive hunting rights or, where applicable, in the Baillargeon ZEC (zone 1).

Deadline for purchasing a moose hunting licence

Zones20202021
11, 21, 3 and 4October 16October 15
Western part of zone 10 (zone 10 licence),
Western part of zone 11 (zone 11 licence),, 12, 132, 15, 26, 27
October 9October 8
17October 2October 1
14, 16, 18, 28September 25September 24
19 south, 22, 29September 18September 17
5, 6, 7, 8, 9, eastern part of zone 10 (zone 10 licence), eastern part of zone 11 (zone 11 licence) and 20No deadlineNo deadline

1 The deadline does not apply to the muzzle-loading firearm season in zones 1 and 2.

2 The deadline does not apply to the muzzle-loading firearm season in the Dumoine, Kipawa, Maganasipi and Restigo ZECs (zone 13 licence).

Moose, zone correction

This licence will only be issued if the zone number entered on the licence is incorrect, as stipulated in the conditions set out below. You cannot use it simply to request a change of zone.

Attention, this licence does not come with a transportation coupon. You must still keep your incorrect licence, because you will need the transportation coupon that is attached to it.

When hunting, you must carry both licences with you, and if you kill a moose, you must attach the coupon from your incorrect licence.

Conditions for obtaining a zone correction licence

If the zone number entered on your regular moose hunting licence is incorrect, you may obtain a « moose, zone correction » licence once per year, provided you meet the following conditions:

  1. The date on which the licence to be corrected was issued is prior to the start date of the firearm hunting season for the zone or subzone you wish to be entered on your zone correction licence.
  2. You have not used the incorrect licence to hunt in a wildlife reserve, outfitter with exclusive rights or the Baillargeon ZEC (zone 1).
  3. You have not been able to hunt using the weapon authorized by the code on your hunter’s certificate in the incorrect zone entered on your licence:
    • Code F: The date on which your licence was issued must not have allowed you to hunt moose during the firearm season in the incorrect zone.
    • Code A or B : If either of these codes appears on your hunter’s certificate, the date on which your licence was issued must not have allowed you to hunt moose during the bow hunting season, or in the bow and crossbow hunting season, or in the firearm hunting season, or in the muzzle-loading firearm hunting season, in the incorrect zone.
    • If you are a resident and hold an introductory licence for moose, the date on which the incorrect licence was issued must not have allowed you to hunt moose in any of the hunting seasons in the incorrect zone.
  4. If you are a non-resident, the date on which the incorrect licence was issued must not have allowed you to hunt moose in any of the hunting seasons in the incorrect zone.

Attention, it is important to keep the incorrect licence and its transportation coupon, because the zone correction licence does not come with a transportation coupon. You must therefore carry both licences with you when hunting, and if you kill a moose, you must attach the coupon from your incorrect licence.

Disabled hunters

If you have a disabled person’s authorization allowing you to hunt with a crossbow during the bow hunting season in the incorrect zone, you are deemed to be authorized to hunt during the bow hunting season in that zone.

Adult female moose (random draw)

To obtain this licence, you must be a resident of Québec and register for a random draw.

Subject to certain rules concerning young hunters and hunting moose in groups, this licence is valid only once your regular licence is issued. It expands the privilege of a regular licence by offering the possibility to harvest an adult female moose where this is not permitted. 

This licence authorizes you to hunt adult female moose in zone 1 only, as well as in wildlife reserves, the Casault, Batiscan, Neilson, Maganasipi, Petawaga, Rapides-des-Joachims, Rivière-Blanche, Saint-Patrice and Wessonneau ZECs, and some outfitters with exclusive rights (contact them directly for information on the applicable conditions). 

In addition, if your random draw licence to hunt adult female moose is associated with a particular wildlife reserve or ZEC, it must be used in the territory for which it was issued. It is not valid elsewhere in the hunting zone.

New rules now apply in the wildlife reserves. For additional information, please see the brochure (available in May) that is provided with the registration forms for the  random draw, which takes place in spring and which lists the locations for which the licences are awarded.

Black bear

This licence is valid to hunt black bears in spring, and also (in some zones) in the fall. It includes two transportation coupons, one for the spring season and the other for the fall season. 

Wild turkey, spring (bearded) and wild turkey, fall (bearded or beardless)

To obtain a licence to hunt wild turkey, you must have obtained a certificate attesting that you have successfully completed the wild turkey hunting course This hyperlink will open in a new window.. You must carry the licence and certificate with you. Vous devez porter ce permis et cette attestation sur vous. Non-residents do not need the certificate..

The spring licence comes with two transportation coupons, and the fall licence comes with only one. The licences may be used only during the season for which they are issued.

Small game

Below is a list of the licences available to hunt small game:

Small game (firearm, crossbow and bow) for residents and non-residents
If you are a resident, you may also snare hares and eastern cottontail rabbits under this licence. See the list of small game species that can be hunted in Québec.

Hares and eastern cottontail rabbits (snare) for residents
A hunter’s certificate is not required to obtain this licence. The licence is available to residents only.

Hunting small game with birds of prey for residents and non-residents
You may hunt some small game species using birds of prey. A hunter’s certificate is not required to obtain this licence, even if you are a resident. Subject to certain rules governing family members, the licence is required for anyone who hunts with a bird of prey, as indicated in the section entitled « Hunting with birds of prey ». It is available from the MFFP’s regional offices.

Frog hunting licence for residents 
Only leopard frogs, green frogs and American bullfrogs may be hunted. You must obtain a frog hunting licence to hunt all these species. A hunter’s certificate is not required to obtain the licence. 

Migratory bird
To hunt migratory birds, you must obtain both a federal migratory bird hunting licence and a provincial small game hunting licence, and you must carry both of them with you when hunting.

Frog

Only leopard frogs, green frogs and American bullfrogs may be hunted. You must be a redisant of Quebec and obtain a frog hunting licence to hunt all these species. A hunter’s certificate is not required to obtain the licence. 

Species protected at all times

It is forbidden to hunt species for which licences are not available, or for which there is no hunting season or hunting method – this is the case, for example, for birds of prey and reptiles (salamanders and turtles).

Regulatory Information

Monday, Tuesday, Thursday and Friday: 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.
Wednesday: 10:00 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.

Free phone line : 1 844 523‑6738 

Last update: September 29, 2021

Notice

The information published on this website has been simplified and provides a summary of the main regulatory provisions. It does not replace in any way the official texts of laws and regulations. For more detailed information on a specific rule, refer to the Regulation respecting hunting in Québec This hyperlink will open in a new window., the Regulation respecting hunting activities This hyperlink will open in a new window. or the Act respecting the conservation and development of wildlife This hyperlink will open in a new window., which are all available on LégisQuébec.

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