A severe thunderstorm is often accompanied by torrential rain, hail, lightning or high winds. It can cause significant damage, such as flooding, fires, power failures and sometimes tornados. 

A thunderstorm involves lightning and thunder. It generally lasts no more than one hour, but a series of thunderstorms can last several hours. 

What to do before

Prepare an emergency kit.

In an emergency or a disaster, you are the first person responsible for your safety (French only) and that of your family, as well as safeguarding your property. In the event of a disaster, however, municipalities are responsible for helping the people affected and for taking the necessary measures.

When a municipality's response capacity is insufficient, the Gouvernement du Québec provides assistance (French only) by deploying government resources to facilitate the return to normal, based on what is provided for in Québec’s national civil protection plan.

How to prepare when severe thunderstorms are forecast?

Follow weather alerts This hyperlink will open in a new window. for your region.

Postpone all unnecessary travel. 

Before setting out, check road conditions This hyperlink will open in a new window. on Québec 511 website or call 511.

Follow your municipality and Urgence Québec social media feeds and consult local media outlets for information about the current situation and steps to be taken.

What to do during

Take shelter as soon as you hear thunder.

Follow the evolution of the situation from official sources of information and respect the instructions and recommendations given by the authorities.

When indoors :

  • Disconnect electrical devices if your safety is not compromised.
  • Stay away from doors and windows. Find shelter in a room at the centre of the building, as lightning can go through outside walls, windows and doors.
  • Stay away from objects that conduct electricity, such as household appliances, sinks, bathtubs, radiators and metal pipes. 
  • Do not use televisions or computers because they can be seriously damaged by lightning surge. Use battery-operated devices instead. 
  • Avoid using phones connected to landlines because lightning travels along electrical wiring and cords. Use wireless or cell phones instead.
  • Wait about 30 minutes after the last rumble of thunder before going outside.

When in a vehicle :

  • Avoid driving during the thunderstorm. 
  • Stay away from power lines. If a power line falls on your vehicle, remain inside the vehicle and wait for help. 

A vehicle with a hard-topped roof (not a convertible) can serve as shelter and protect you from lightning. 

When outdoors :

  • Stay away from trees, telephone poles, power lines, objects that conduct electricity (e.g., motorcycles, lawnmowers, golf clubs or umbrellas), water and any elevated place in an open area.
  • Seek shelter in the lowest area that you can find, for example a ditch.
  • If you are in the woods, seek shelter under a thick growth of small trees or bushes.
  • Squat down, put your head on your knees and cover it with your arms. 
  • If possible, put insulating material such as a plastic bag between the ground and yourself.
  • Be ready to move in the event of flash flooding.
  • If you are in a boat, head for shore immediately.

Act safely if a person is struck by lightning 

If a person near you is struck by lightning, call 911 or go to the nearest hospital centre. Anyone who is struck by lightning must consult a physician, even if there is no apparent injury and the person feels well. You can touch or transport the person to a safe location without any danger, as he or she does not carry an electrical charge. You can also administer artificial respiration or CPR until help arrives.

Direct consequences of being struck by lightning are skin burns, heart and hearing problems, as well as visual and nervous problems.


To find out the distance separating you from the thunderstorm, count the seconds between the flash of lightning and the thunderclap. One second represents approximately 300 metres. For example, if five seconds elapse between the lightning and the thunder, the thunderstorm is about 1500 m (1.5 km) from where you are. You must take shelter if the thunderstorm is less than 10 km away.

What to do after

Make sure that your home is safe.

Check the damage sustained and the debris left by the thunderstorm.

Pick up the debris. Watch out for sharp material such as sheet metal or glass. 

Attention! Never approach a downed power line. Call 911 immediately. When a line touches the ground, the risk of live wire and nearby ground is high.

Make a list of the damage and take photos or videos as proof. Notify your municipality, insurance company and mortgage lender of the damage. For claim purposes, keep all receipts or proofs of purchase for damaged property.

If extensive work must be carried out before you can return to your home, secure the premises to keep away looters and curious bystanders:

  • Lock the doors
  • Barricade the windows
  • Cover damaged areas

Pay attention to your reactions and those of your loved ones after experiencing a disaster:

  • Anxiety, distress or frequent crying
  • Apathy or loss of energy
  • Aggressiveness
  • Difficulty concentrating or confusion
  • Increased alcohol or drug use

Psychosocial support is available to you. Psychosocial intervention professionals are available to support, advise and direct you to resources tailored to your needs or those of your loved ones. Call Info-Social, at 811, and select option 2 to speak with a professional. This service is free and confidential, and it is available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

For more informations on the possible reactions after a disaster and on ways to help you, see the Getting better following a disaster page.

Last update: September 26, 2023


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