In Québec, you normally need a hunter’s certificate in order to obtain a hunting licence.
The certificate is permanent, unless cancelled by the courts. Depending on the training you took to obtain it, it bears a code that authorizes you to use the hunting weapon of your choice.
Conditions to be met
To obtain a hunter’s certificate, you must, if you are a resident of Québec
- Be at least 12 years of age
- Have taken the required training for the weapon you intend to use (bow, crossbow or firearm)
- Have passed the requisite exams.
However, a hunter’s certificate is not required in the following situations:
- You are a non-resident.
- You hold an introductory licence.
- You wish to purchase a licence to snare hares and eastern cottontail rabbits.
- You wish to purchase a licence to hunt frogs (northern leopard frog, green frog, bullfrog).
- You wish to purchase a licence to hunt certain small game species using a bird of prey.
If you are a Canadian citizen and satisfy the definition of “resident of Québec” at the time you apply for a hunter’s certificate to handle a firearm, you may be exempt from some of the requirements for obtaining the certificate, provided you are able to present a certificate or an equivalent document issued by a Canadian province or territory.
The certificate is permanent once issued, and will bear one of the following codes:
A : for bows and crossbows
B : for crossbows and bows (since July 7, 2020)
F : for firearms (and airguns)
P : for trapping
The information shown on the back of the certificate was changed in 2007. Code F no longer allows you to hunt with a crossbow; Code A or Code B is now required.
Replacing a certificate
You can replace a hunter’s certificate or trapper’s certificate that has been lost, damaged or stolen.
You can also request a replacement if your certificate expired before March 31, 1994 and you wish to make it permanent so that you can purchase a hunting or trapping licence.
In any of the above situations, you should proceed as follows:
If you know your certificate number
Take the number of your hunter’s certificate or trapper’s certificate to a licence sales outlet and pay the certificate replacement fee.
Once the fee has been paid, your new certificate will be mailed to the address in the computer system.
ATTENTION! You cannot change your address directly at a licence sales outlet. To record a change of address, please complete the electronic change of address form (in French only)
If you do not know your certificate number
If you do not know your certificate number, contact our customer service department by writing to firstname.lastname@example.org, and provide the following information:
- Surname and first name
- Date of birth
- Address shown on your previous certificate (if different from your current address)
Cancellation of a certificate
If a court finds you guilty of poaching, your hunter’s certificate may be suspended or cancelled for a period of two years.
During the cancellation period, you cannot obtain (or attempt to obtain) a hunting licence of any kind, even one that does not require you to have a hunter’s certificate.
At the end of the cancellation period, you must re-take the courses needed to obtain a hunter’s certificate. The courses in question are the Canadian Firearms Safety Course and the Introduction to Hunting course for the chosen weapon.
Courses required to obtain a certificate
The courses required to obtain a certificate are given by the Fédération québécoise des chasseurs et pêcheurs and can be taken at any time of the year, except during the peak hunting season (from the fourth weekend in September to the second weekend in November).
Depending on the weapon you wish to use, you may have to follow one or more of the following courses:
- Canadian Firearms Safety Course (CFSC)
- Introduction to Hunting with Firearms (IHF)
- Introduction to Hunting with Bows or Crossbows (IHBC)
- Biology and Hunting of Wild Turkeys in Québec
Carrying the certificate with you
You are not required to carry the certificate with you, unless you are a young person hunting under an adult licence. The hunter’s certificate must match the weapon used.
Last update: March 17, 2021
The information published on this website has been simplified and provides a summary of the main regulatory provisions. It does not replace in any way the official texts of laws and regulations. For more detailed information on a specific rule, refer to the Regulation respecting hunting in Québec , the Regulation respecting hunting activities or the Act respecting the conservation and development of wildlife , which are all available on LégisQuébec.