Hunting under someone else’s licence

You generally need your own personal licence to hunt in Québec, but it is possible, in some situations, to hunt under someone else’s licence. 

Basic rules

The number of kills made by the people hunting under the same licence must not exceed the licence holder’s authorized bag limit.

If a rule states that a hunter must be accompanied, it means that he or she must be accompanied by a person aged 18 or over who has either a hunter’s certificate for the weapon used or a non-resident’s hunting licence. An introductory licence holder must be accompanied by a resident who is at least 25 years of age and has a hunter’s certificate for the weapon used. This person may accompany only one introductory licence holder at once.

The federal migratory bird hunting licence cannot be shared, nor can any provincial hunting licences containing transportation coupons (wild turkey, black bear, moose, white-tailed deer) except for a random draw antlerless deer hunting licence.

Additional rules for young hunters

Young people (at least 12 years of age and under 18 years of age, or a student between 18 and 24 years of age bearing a student card) may hunt any game animal under an adult’s licence, provided they comply with the following rules:

  • The adult licence holder must accompany the young hunter and carry the licence with him or her. 
  •  A young person hunting small game or wild turkey may also be accompanied by the adult licence holder’s spouse. The spouse must carry the licence, along with a turkey hunting attestation certificate where applicable. 
  • If the accompanying person or spouse are residents of Québec, they must also have and carry a certificate for the weapon used.
  • The young hunter must carry a licence belonging to one of his or her parents, or to the spouse of a parent. The requirement to be accompanied depends on the young hunter’s age.

Young residents who hunt under an adult’s licence must carry either a hunter’s certificate for the weapon used, or their own introductory licence, and must comply with the applicable rules. Young resident hunters must also carry their attestation certificate if hunting wild turkeys.

Young people hunting under an adult’s licence must comply with the annual bag limit for the species concerned. If a young hunter uses the transportation coupon from the licence, the adult licence holder cannot obtain a new licence. 

For migratory bird hunting, young hunters must always have their own federal migratory bird hunting licence, except on Waterfowl Heritage Day.

Young hunters, even if hunting under an adult licence, cannot hunt in a wildlife reserve, outfitter or ZEC unless they have appropriate authorization (access rights).

Large game hunting for young hunters

Young people can hunt large game under the regular licence of an accompanying adult (parent, parent’s spouse or another adult), as follows:

A young hunter who hunts large game under the regular licence of an adult.
If the young hunter kills an animal, he or she must attach the transportation coupon from the adult’s licence. Neither the young hunter nor the adult can then continue to hunt for the species, unless the licence in question has two transportation coupons. If the animal killed is a moose, the young hunter must ensure that the required number of additional transportation coupons coming from the hunters who participated in the expedition (the required number of licences per moose) are attached to the carcass on the day of the kill.

A young hunter who has his or her own regular licence and hunts antlerless deer under the antlerless deer licence (random draw) of an adult who also has a valid regular licence.
A young hunter who kills an antlerless deer must attach the transportation coupon from his or her own licence and punch the adult’s antlerless deer licence in the appropriate circle. In this case, only the adult can continue to hunt deer under his or her regular licence, in accordance with the rules in force for the current hunting season (obviously, the antlerless deer licence is no longer valid).

A young hunter who wins an antlerless white-tailed deer licence in a random draw but wishes to hunt under the regular licence of an adult instead of purchasing his or her own licence.
In this case, a young hunter who wants to use the antlerless deer hunting licence must first apply for an attestation stating that he or she has an antlerless white-tailed deer licence (random draw) by calling 418 521-3960. If the young hunter then kills an animal, he or she must attach the transportation coupon from the adult’s licence, and neither the young hunter nor the adult can continue to hunt white-tailed deer.

A young hunter who has his or her own regular licence but hunts female moose under an adult’s female moose hunting licence (random draw).
A young hunter who kills a female moose must attach the transportation coupon from his or her own licence and punch the adult’s female moose hunting licence in the circle provided. He or she must then ensure that the required number of additional transportation coupons coming from the hunters who participated in the expedition (the required number of licences per moose) are attached to the carcass on the day of the kill. Obviously, the female moose hunting licence is no longer valid.

A young hunter who wins a female moose hunting licence (random draw) but wishes to hunt under the regular licence of an adult instead of purchasing his or her own licence.
In this case, a young hunter who wants to use the female moose hunting licence must first apply for an attestation stating that he or she has such a licence (random draw) by calling 418 521-3960. If the young hunter then kills a moose, he or she must attach the transportation coupon from the adult’s licence and must then ensure that the required number of additional transportation coupons (the required number of licences per moose from hunters who took part in the expedition) are attached to the carcass on the day of the kill. If the animal killed is a female, the female moose hunting licence is obviously no longer valid. Neither the young hunter nor the adult can continue to hunt moose.

Turkey hunting for young hunters

Young hunters who have an attestation stating that they have successfully completed the wild turkey hunting course (and a student card where applicable) may hunt wild turkey under the wild turkey hunting licence of an accompanying adult, who may be a parent, a parent’s spouse or any other adult. Non-residents do not need an attestation. If a young hunter kills a wild turkey, he or she must attach the transportation coupon from the adult’s licence. 

An introductory licence holder is not required to have a wild turkey hunting course attestation, but the accompanying adult must have one.

All the rules governing wild turkey hunting

Small game hunting for young hunters

Young people who are at least 12 years and under 18 years of age, and students aged 18 to 24 (with a student card) may hunt small game under the regular licence of an accompanying adult (parent, parent’s spouse or another adult). 

All the rules governing small game hunting

Hunting using birds of prey, snaring of hares and frog hunting for young hunters

Children under 12 years of age may hunt using a bird of prey, snare hares and hunt certain frogs under an adult’s licence, as follows:

A child may hunt under the small game hunting licence (resident), frog hunting licence, hunting using birds of prey licence or snaring licence of an accompanying adult who must carry that licence during the hunt. The child may also be accompanied by the licence holder’s spouse (who must be at least 18 years of age). The spouse may also be the licence holder.

A child may carry the small game hunting licence (resident), frog hunting licence, hunting using birds of prey licence or snaring licence of a parent or the spouse of a parent.

Young people who are at least 12 and under 18 years of age may also practise these activities under the same conditions.

Waterfowler Heritage Day – Migratory Birds

On Waterfowler Heritage Day, young people between 12 and 17 years of age may hunt migratory birds without a licence provided they carry the appropriate hunter’s certificate with them. They must, however, be accompanied by a person aged 18 or over who has a small game hunting licence, a federal migratory bird hunting licence and has to be certified for the hunting weapon that will be used.

During the day, the accompanying adult cannot use or carry a weapon and cannot accompany more than one young hunter at once. 

For additional information on Waterfowler Heritage Day, please see the website of the Government of Canada This hyperlink will open in a new window.

Other ways of sharing licences

Sharing an antlerless deer hunting licence (random draw) with family members

If you win an extended antlerless deer hunting licence in a random draw, you may now share it with your immediate family (your spouse, your grandparents, parents, brothers, sisters, children and grandchildren). 

To share your licence, however, you must ensure that the people with whom you are sharing it each have a regular or additional licence for the zone (or part of a zone) to which your antlerless deer licence applies, and you must hunt near one another in order to be able to communicate when a female deer is killed, to avoid multiple kills.

If you kill an antlerless deer under the antlerless deer hunting licence of a member of your immediate family, you must attach the transportation coupon from your own licence and punch the antlerless deer licence under which you hunted, in the circle provided.

The antlerless deer licence and the white-tailed deer hunting licence must both have been issued for the zone or part of a zone in which the animal was killed.

Sharing a small game licence with a spouse

You may share your small game hunting licence, hunting small game with birds of prey licence, frog hunting licence and hare snaring licence with your spouse. If you hunt under your spouse’s licence, he or she need not accompany you; you must simply carry the licence with you.

All the rules governing small game hunting

Regulatory Information

Monday, Tuesday, Thursday and Friday: 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.
Wednesday: 10:00 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.

Free phone line : 1 844 523‑6738 

Last update: September 9, 2021

Notice

The information published on this website has been simplified and provides a summary of the main regulatory provisions. It does not replace in any way the official texts of laws and regulations. For more detailed information on a specific rule, refer to the Regulation respecting hunting in Québec This hyperlink will open in a new window., the Regulation respecting hunting activities This hyperlink will open in a new window. or the Act respecting the conservation and development of wildlife This hyperlink will open in a new window., which are all available on LégisQuébec.

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