Moose hunting

What to do before, during and after hunting

Before hunting

During hunting

Comply with the rules governing:

After the kill

  • If necessary, follow the rules for locating an injured game animal.
  • In the event that an animal is illegally killed (by accident or by mistake), follow the applicable rules.
  • When the dead animal has been located, attach the transportation coupon from your licence and make sure the other required transportation coupons are also attached (this must be done on the day of the kill). If the moose is killed by a young person hunting under an adult’s licence, he or she must follow the special rules applicable in this case. If an adult female moose is killed under a licence obtained in a random draw, the licence must be punched in the circle provided.
  • Remove your game from the kill site, making sure you comply with cutting instructions, where necessary.
  • Take all necessary steps (evisceration, storage and transportation) to ensure that the animal’s flesh is not abandoned or wasted.
  • Collect and eliminate waste properly (empty cartridges, waste from meals, etc.).
  • Register your game within 48 hours of leaving the hunting site.
  • Ensure that the transportation coupon remains attached to the game animal until it is cut up or placed in storage.
  • If the animal was killed in an enhanced surveillance area (ESA) for CWD, you must comply with the restrictions on the transportation of certain anatomical parts of the animal and submit to mandatory sampling.

Determining the gender and age of a moose

The following information is provided as a guide. If in doubt, do not shoot.

Antlers: Antlers are the only sure indication that the animal is an adult male. If antlers are not apparent, the animal may be an adult female or a calf.

Vulva patch : Adult female moose usually have a triangular white patch extending from the base of the tail to the base of the vulva.

Size : Adult moose are 1.5 m to 1.8 m high at the withers (the height of a human being). Calves rarely exceed 1.2 m (chest height of a human being).

Shape of the head: In profile, the head of a calf is shorter than that of an adult moose. A calf has a smaller, more delicate muzzle than an adult moose, whose muzzle is protuberant and bulbous. Viewed head-on, a calf’s head is triangular and the muzzle is fairly pointed. The head of an adult moose is more rectangular.

Behaviour: Calves behave affectionately towards their mothers and rarely travel alone. When a female moose accompanied by one or two calves is disturbed, the calves move towards her, sometimes touching her muzzle with theirs, and they follow her closely when she moves away. Adult moose roughly a year and a half in age are sometimes seen with older females, but are much more independent.

Moose hunting expedition

The notion of “moose hunting expedition” was introduced in 1996 to regulate moose hunting. Since then, hunters have been required to join an expedition in order to hunt moose.

Complying with the requirement

The following information will help you to understand what an expedition is. It does not cover all possible situations, but hunters who abide by these restrictions are certain of complying with rule.

A moose hunting expedition begins when you and at least one other person with whom you have agreed to hunt are present at the same time at the same hunting site, during the hunting season.

Obviously, all members of the expedition must have a moose hunting licence for the type of weapon used, the hunting zone and the season concerned.

The expedition continues for as long as someone from the expedition is hunting moose at the site at any time on consecutive days.

It is the responsibility of the person who is hunting to make sure the transportation coupon of another licence holder who has taken part in the expedition can still be attached to the moose on the day it is killed.

The expedition ends when a moose is killed or when none of the hunters in your expedition has hunted moose at the site during any given day.

In the latter case, you must form another expedition if you wish to resume hunting.

If an individual uses his or her home during the expedition, it is considered to be the hunting camp and the route taken to go hunting is considered to be the hunting site.

In wildlife reserves and ZECs

The above information on hunting expeditions apply everywhere, except in wildlife reserves, where the notion of “group” applies instead.

In ZECs, the same rules apply, along with other specific provisions including the requirement for three people to have taken part in the expedition in some cases. In a ZEC, the hunting site is the sector or site entered on the proof of registration.

Regulatory Information

Monday, Tuesday, Thursday and Friday: 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.
Wednesday: 10:00 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.

Free phone line: 1 844 523‑6738 

Last update: November 16, 2021


The information published on this website has been simplified and provides a summary of the main regulatory provisions. It does not replace in any way the official texts of laws and regulations. For more detailed information on a specific rule, refer to the Regulation respecting hunting in Québec This hyperlink will open in a new window., the Regulation respecting hunting activities This hyperlink will open in a new window. or the Act respecting the conservation and development of wildlife This hyperlink will open in a new window., which are all available on LégisQuébec.


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